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How do dental implants help with bone loss and gum diseases?

Ad Min - Monday, January 18, 2021

Bone loss can occur in bones of a person leading to many orthopaedic diseases, prominent among them being osteo porosis where bone density decreases, making the bones brittle and porous which in turn make them susceptible for fractures.

What is bone loss?

When teeth are lost for whatever reasons, the bone which was supporting it gets absorbed in the body again, this process of bone being reabsorbed by the body is called resorption in dental and oral care parlance.

Causes of bone loss

There are numerous reasons for bone loss among which periodontist is the main reason and most common. Bone loss occurs because teeth are lost or missed. The main reason for losing teeth is periodontitis. When you do not take good care of your mouth and teeth, you end up having periodontitis which is a disease of the teeth and gums.

What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a disease caused by bacteria in the mouth. Lack of dental hygiene causes these bacteria to grow and multiply in the mouth feeding on the sugar left behind in the mouth. These bacteria eat away at the roots of the teeth and the jawbone, and then eats the ligaments that connects the tooth to the bone. This causes the teeth to fall out, creating gaps in the line of teeth. When the teeth are lost, the bone underneath the teeth have no pressure of chewing, which makes them get reabsorbed in the body, because chewing pressure is the motivation for the bone to grow and stay put. Slowly major portion of the supporting bone gets reabsorbed and bone from the jaw gets lost. The bone loss occurs very fast after the tooth is lost. About 25% of bone loss occurs in the first year itself after a tooth is lost.

The most common reason for bone loss is when this place, created by tooth loss is left alone, without taking any steps to keep the bone in place. When multiple teeth are lost, the bone loss is greater through resorption process.

The loss of bone occurs in alveolar bone which is surrounding and supporting the teeth. Alveolar bone is responsible for the ridges that imbeds the teeth in them. When teeth are lost, these ridges waste away from all sides leaving the surface flat.

Dentures as a replacement of the natural teeth do not help in getting back the lost bone because they do not exert pressure on the bone with chewing. Compared to natural teeth, the pressure applied on jawbone by dentures is less than 10%.

Sinus cavity that lies above the jawbone of upper molars is another reason for the resorption of the jawbone when upper molars are lost. With no teeth, the air pressure in the sinus cavity induces the resorption of the bone that lines the sinuses. Infection in bones is another cause of bone loss.

Dental implants and bone loss

Dental implants can prevent bone loss after teeth loss if the procedure can be done in time. Dental implants are a procedure where a metal (Titanium) screw is implanted in the jawbone and allowed to remain there till bone tissues grow around it making it secure in the bone. Then a crown is placed on it with the help of abutment which holds it in place. The implants can prevent further bone loss because the tooth exerts enough pressure on the jawbone to stimulate it and let it grow. When many teeth are lost, the implants can support a bridge built on them. Since implants are inserted in the jawbone, they take the pressure of chewing and help getting the bone remain in place and grow. When two implants support a bridge of 4 teeth, the pressure provided by the implants can equal of about 70 to 90 % of natural teeth. This helps prevent bone loss to quite an extent.

Bone grafting

When bone loss severe in some individuals, the option of bone grafting is still open. Bone grafting is needed to provide enough bone to get ridges on the jawbone so that crowns can be fitted snugly on them after dental implants have been inserted. When bone loss has occurred for missing molars, the dentist will require enough width to place them on. Bone grafting can be useful in such cases.

In cases with severe gum disease, the bone loss is acute. Bone grafting can come to the rescue for dental implants in restoring the lost bone and repair the damaged surrounding bone around the teeth.
When bone grafting technique is used for dental implant, in severe bone loss incidents, the grafting not only helps replace the lost bone, but also provides motivation and stimulation to the jawbone to regrow and develop so that eventually it replaces the bone graft with the individuals own replenished bone.

The material used for bone graft is varied depending upon the need of the patient. The new technology used for bone grafting is dynamic and make uses of cutting age materials that requires minimum period of healing.

In many dentistry practices, the technology used is minimally invasive which is explained in detail to the satisfaction of the patient.

Many times, if the bone loss is not extensive, then the bone graft and implant can be placed during one surgery procedure without having to go through the procedure twice. In severe bone loss, the dentist prefers to call the patients twice for the surgery, once for bone graft and the other for placing the implant, depending on how well the bone graft is healing and new bone is surfacing.

When sinuses have slid down quite a bit, the surgeon has to lift the membrane separating the jawbone and sinuses.

There are instances when there is no need for bone graft even in a severe bone loss case.  The 3D CT scanner gives a 360degree view which allows the dental team to see and measure the exact amount of bone needed for the place where implants are going to be placed, and in many cases the enough bone can be found for use. In this technology, with 4 implants, the surgeons can make the bridge for the entire mouth with enough bone available without separate surgery in another area of the body.

Different teeth replacement options to choose from

Ad Min - Friday, January 08, 2021

There are several reasons are behind missing teeth. Age, accidents, trauma to the mouth and oral region, tooth decay, diseases, hygiene habits or even genetics. Whatever be the reason for losing teeth, replacing the lost teeth is possible. This helps to maintain and promote oral health, not to forget the support it gives to self-confidence and speech.

Dental clinics provide different treatment options, one can choose these treatment procedures based on their need, suitability and also costs. The major options that one can opt for in teeth replacement is discussed.

Dental Implants - This is one of the most reliable tooth replacement options that one can go for. They are almost similar to the natural teeth. They are anchored in the jawbone like a natural tooth. A single tooth or multiple teeth replacements are possible using this procedure. The procedure is a bit lengthy as it involves cutting the jawbone and inserting the ‘root’ of the replacement tooth into it. This procedure is durable and lasting almost close to a natural tooth that one can get. It does not require any additional care, following normal oral hygiene practices will be sufficient. Neighbouring teeth are not affected by this procedure and are cost effective if taken care of. The only downside to this procedure is that jawbone health needs to be good to go for this treatment as the root needs to be supported in the jaw bone.

Dentures - A simpler option to replacing teeth is dentures. These dentures are replacement teeth that are removable and can be used for people who have lost some of their teeth. If a replacement is required for the whole set of teeth then complete dentures are recommended by dentists. The replacement teeth are placed in areas where teeth are lost. They can be removed and cleaned and slipped on with ease. Clasps are available to hold the removable dentures in place. Dentists made these dentures by obtaining a mould of the lost teeth and making exact replicas of the natural teeth, if metal supporters are visible then that is a sure give-away sign. But now, one can also avail the clasps made of gum coloured material that help to merge with the colour of the gums. They are not as costly as dental implants and can be repaired easily. They might feel a bit uncomfortable to wear and are not that sturdy as other dental prosthetics and hence one needs to be careful in handling them.

Implant supported bridge - If there are missing teeth in a row, then implant supported bridge is best suited. This helps to tide over the issue of having dental implants for each teeth. This will be able to support missing teeth in a row, the teeth at the end will be secured. So the teeth in the middle do have to be rooted in the jawline. This is a better option for those who have lost teeth in a row and serves as well as dental implants and are long lasting. This might need to be replaced at a later time for a healthier option, of course depending on the recommendation from the dentist. This is also a good option when looked at from the aesthetic side, the replaced teeth look like natural teeth and provide the same structural and functional support. Cleaning the teeth is similar to cleaning natural teeth and does not require any specific care. They are long lasting if even proper care and does not usually require replacement.

Tooth supported bridge - A similar procedure when there is a single tooth missing is achieved by tooth supported bridge. This bridge is placed supported by the neighbouring tooth. This device will have two crowns which are placed on the natural teeth and abutment crowns are placed on the replaced teeth. For providing lasting support they are usually cemented in place using metals or alloys like silver, gold or amalgams etc. The advantage is that the procedures are less when compared to dental implants. The bridge helps in reducing individual implants. This procedure does not require much time at the dental clinic and will be over in a few visits. Once the device is placed, it requires proper attention while cleaning. Food particles can get under the bridge. This is a small area and cleaning it requires greater focus as it is difficult to remove the food. Tooth decay or other gum diseases can happen if unchecked.

Resin bonded bridge - Often used as a temporary measure, the procedure helps teeth in the front. The front teeth are usually very delicate and are not as strong as the molars and their chewing strength. This non-invasive treatment helps in replacing front teeth. The neighbouring teeth are not shaped too much, dentists will remove only a small amount of enamel for fixing the abutment teeth. The wings are attachment to the replacement teeth. As it is fragile, it can pop off sometimes when hard food is chewed on and will require replacement from the dentist. But this is often a better option than removable dentures. It provides the person with continued support in speech and also oral function such as keeping the other teeth in their position and not shifting.

Flipper - A temporary structure that helps when one or two teeth need replacement. As the names suggest they can be flipped in and out of position. They help to give confidence to the wearer by removing the embarrassing situation of losing teeth and this procedure does not require much time. This is often chosen by many as a stop-gap arrangement when they are thinking of more durable solutions. They are useful as they can be slipped in after tooth extraction. Keeping the remaining tooth in position after tooth removal as other teeth tend to slip from their position when there is a gap in the teeth row. This procedure is not costly but as the device is delicate it needs care in handling.

Is Teeth Whitening Harmful To Teeth

Ad Min - Monday, December 28, 2020

A perfect sparkling smile and confidence go hand in hand. Many are conscious if their teeth are not perfectly white. Teeth lose their colour and they become dull, some even have a yellowish tinge. Reasons are varied – some lose their colour due to aging, some are affected due to long term medications and some others with other dental issues like decay or gum disease or even injuries to the mouth.

Teeth whitening mainly involve bleaching the teeth and reduce the stains that are present in the teeth. This is one of the main types of dental services for which patients visit dental clinics. But now, there are many over the counter products that one can use at home for perfect white teeth. One needs to be careful while doing whitening treatment at home as they are risks involved.

Whitening procedure

Teeth have several parts with varied functions. The outermost layer of the teeth is the dental enamel. This layer gives protection to the teeth and for this reason it is very hard. Immediately following the dental enamel is the inner dentine. This forms the core of the teeth and contains the pulp region. This area has the nerve endings and blood vessels nourishes the teeth. The innermost part is the root, which embeds the tooth into the bone.

It is the outermost layer of enamel that discolours mostly. It absorbs food stains from coffee, tea, and wine or even from fruits like berries. Discolouration is also seen due to smoking or using tobacco. Lack of personal oral hygiene can cause plaque formation on the teeth and cause discolouration. Some medications if used for a long time will also change the colour of the teeth. Aging can change the wear of the enamel and sometimes trauma caused to the mouth can interfere with enamel formation in children and bring about discoloured teeth.

Teeth discolouration when checked can show different coloured teeth – some yellow, some brown, black or some spotted. When the outer enamel coating erodes off the inner dentine layer is visible which leads to the teeth being yellow. Food stains such as coffee, tea or lack of oral hygiene can result in brown teeth. If there is decay in the tooth or the pulp area, this will change the colour of the teeth to black. Some teeth will have white spots on them -this is caused by too much fluoride in the water that is consumed.

The type of teeth whitening procedure depends on the type of stain. There are two different types of strains – extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic as the word suggests is exterior stains. These stains are seen outside the teeth – on the dental enamel. Food stains, stains from smoking are all in this category. Intrinsic are the stains found interior of the enamel. The stains work through the enamel covering and accumulate inside and discolour the teeth. Age related stains are both intrinsic and extrinsic – as some are caused by food stains and some caused by those which collect inside the enamel.

Depending on the stain, the treatment procedure is planned by the dentist. If the stain is minimal and extrinsic, then the dentist will clean the teeth and apply the whitening gel and brighten the teeth. In some cases, the dentists will make an impression of the teeth. This will be used to make mouth guards or mouth trays. This will contain the whitening gel. These guards need to be slipped on to the teeth and allow the gel to work on the discoloured teeth. It will need to be used anywhere between 2 weeks to 4 weeks.

Some gels can be left in the mouth/teeth for about 8 hours continuously. This will help to reduce the time of the whitening procedure. The latest and fastest method that is used is laser whitening. In this procedure, the dentist will apply a bleaching agent on the teeth and then apply laser light over it. This will help in removing the discolouration. This process is quite fast and is completed within an hour.

How safe is teeth whitening?

Teeth whitening is one dental procedure that is used by many of all ages. It is also one of the most popular dental treatments available. There are however few side effects associated with whitening. All of them are minor and does not damage the oral health of a person.

Tooth sensitivity
Teeth whitening uses peroxide for whitening the teeth. Hydrogen peroxide is the main ingredient in these whitening gels and some people are sensitive to this chemical.  Feeling slight pain or discomfort during the procedure or being affected when consuming hot or cold food is one of the symptoms associated with teeth sensitivity. But this is a minor concern and will go off within a time. If one feels such an issue during the procedure, this should be discussed with the dentist. This will help them to change the concentration of the peroxide present in the whitening gel but still give the desired effect.

Gum irritation
Peroxide affects the gum lining and irritates the tissues. Some might experience inflammation in the gums due to the whitening agents. This is called a chemical burn, the tissue will turn white due to the effect of chemicals. Restoration of the tissues happens within 24 hours. Washing the area with warm water will help promote the restoration process at a faster rate. In dental clinics, the gums are protected from the effect of peroxide by covering them with guards. Some clinics apply a protective gel over the gum lining for extra protection.

Dental restoration
Some are worried that the dental restorations that they have done will be affected by teeth whitening. The concern is that the whitening agents will cause the mercury from the amalgam to be washed away at a faster rate and cause other health concerns. That is not the case however, dental restorations are not affected by the teeth whitening procedure and procedures like dental crowns and implants are all well protected from any adverse action.

Causes Of Toothache In Children

Ad Min - Saturday, December 19, 2020

If anyone has ever experienced any dental problems, they would know that the symptom that signal towards any dental issue is toothache. It is a warning sign send out by the body. In the case of children, toothache will also be accompanied by other symptoms like a drooling mouth or general mouth pain. The drooling mouth is usually seen in the case of smaller children.

Difficulty in opening their mouth, having severe pain when they are chewing food can all be seen. It is important that when such symptoms are seen, to have a dental check up at the earliest. These dental consultations will help to diagnose the real cause of the tooth pain and also help take precautionary measures that will stop the problem from escalating.

Tooth decay

Decay in the tooth is seen in all irrespective of age. Infection in the teeth attacks the structure of the teeth and decay progresses. Food debris can get stuck between the teeth, if personal hygiene is lacking then it helps accelerate the decay. The food debris attracts bacteria to it. The sugar in the food is acted upon by the bacteria and releases acid. This acid can erode the protective coating of the tooth. Teeth sensitivity is experienced by some in this situation. Later if unchecked, the decay will spread to other areas of the tooth. It can damage the whole tooth and also spread to neighbouring teeth.

Loss of teeth, bad odour in the mouth, bleeding from the teeth are all symptoms that show up when there is tooth decay. Timely action is required in this situation. Decay can be corrected to some extent by practicing good personal hygiene, but sometimes additional help from a dentist will be needed.

Gum disease

This problem is seen quite commonly in children. The main reason for gum disease is plaque build-up in the teeth. In children, a mild form of this disease called gingivitis is seen. The gums become sensitive to touch, will be red, and swollen. Bleeding can be seen while brushing. The good news is that the severe form of gum disease is seldom seen in children. Lack of personal hygiene and plaque build-up is quite common in children. Mainly because they have not quite grasped the importance of brushing and flossing.

Proper techniques in brushing and flossing should be taught to children. If they do not brush, then what will be consequences, how their health is going to be affected – all these need to be discussed with the children. A complete dental examination accompanied by dental X rays will help dentists to get a clear picture. Later treatment plans are made according to the severity of the problem in children.

Tooth grinding

Bruxism is a medical term for grinding teeth or clenching the jaws. Mostly seen when children are sleeping and they do it unconsciously. This habit is more pronounced if the children are stressed. They usually outgrow this habit. But the pressure this habit places on dental health is enormous. Improper alignment of teeth is one of the main causes of this problem.

When they grind their teeth, the dental enamel can be worn out, sometimes even chipping the teeth due to the pressure of grinding. Mouth pain, earache and tooth pain is also experienced due to this grinding. If severe, they will also experience jaw problems as they clench and unclench their jaws. It is when the warning symptoms come up is this problem checked as children might not be aware they are grinding their teeth while sleeping.

Dentists usually check for worn out dental enamel, tooth sensitivity etc. Dentists will also check if they have any problems at school or if they are worried about anything. Mouthguards are prescribed by dentists to help ease the pressure from tooth grinding.

Tooth abscesses

Decay in the tooth will affect the structure and function of the tooth. Pus is seen at the base of the teeth in tooth abscesses. Pus formation is seen as the reaction of the body to fight against infection. If the pus is not able to drain out then it collects near the bottom of the teeth. An abscessed tooth will be red, swollen and painful. Swelling and pain can be reduced by applying a cold compress on the jaws. Chewing will also be a problem for the children as the infected tooth is not able to stand the pressure of chewing. If unchecked, this infection can be spread to other parts of the body. This requires advanced care from the dentist.

To ease the toothache, the pus that is formed at the base of the tooth is drained out. Antibiotics are prescribed to stop the infection, to save the teeth root canal treatment might also be needed. If the tooth cannot be saved then dentists will recommend removing the infected tooth.

Fractured/Chipped tooth

Dental injuries are caused due to accidents, sports accidents or falls. Children are quite active and these dental injuries are common. Chipped or fractured teeth are the outcome of these mishaps. Pain to the mouth and teeth, cuts or bruises in the cheeks, bleeding due to accidents are all symptoms. Treatment aims at reducing the pain and swelling in the oral region. Chipped or fractured tooth requires comprehensive treatment. If the teeth are chipped or fractured, chewing or movement puts more pressure on them.

The chipped tooth can be saved using a covering. If the fracture goes to the gum, then it becomes difficult to save the tooth. If it is milk teeth, then there is no issue as the permanent teeth will replace the milk teeth but otherwise other forms of treatment need to be planned.

Toothache though looked on as a simple issue that will be resolved after a few days of discomfort might not always be the case. It signals underlying dental concerns some of which are discussed above. It is important that the oral health of children is given due importance and they are checked by a dentist at least twice a year to help solve dental problems.

What Are the Procedures That Dentists Usually Conduct?

Ad Min - Monday, November 16, 2020

Dentists all over usually perform procedures that are developed to look after the needs of families and individuals to keep their natural teeth healthy and in working condition as long as possible, and keep the gums and mouth bacteria free to prevent gum disease and other oral health problems. The dental procedures are garnered to cater to people to safeguard their dental health to the maximum and stop any dental problem from getting worse.

Common dental procedures include the following:

  • Teeth cleaning including deep cleaning
  • Fluoride treatments
  • Dental sealants
  • Teeth whitening
  • Dental bonding
  • Dental fillings and crowns

Dental cleaning

When you register for your routine check-ups, usually you will be advised to contact your dental office for appointments twice a year, for check-ups and for dental cleaning. The dentist will begin by checking your mouth for any anomaly. Then he will proceed to clean the plaque and tartar from the teeth and gum line and from between the teeth. The dentist will remove all tartar with scraping it out with special instrument. Tartar cannot be removed with brushing. Brushing and flossing regularly will not allow tartar to build on your teeth in the first place.

After the cleaning is done, the dentist will brush your teeth with a powerful electric brush which will deep clean the teeth and wash away any tartar that could have been left behind by scraping. After deep cleaning the dentist will floss your teeth and may be able to find trouble spot if your gums are bleeding. After flossing you get rinsing which will remove all debris from brushing, scraping, and flossing.

Fluoride treatment

This is a protective treatment for the teeth which will protect against cavities for many months. A foamy gel or a sticky paste is put into a mouth guard like device which fits in your mouth and left for a minute to take effect. Fluoride varnish can also be applied on the teeth.

Dental sealant

This is a plastic like clear material brushed gently onto the teeth. This procedure is followed for people who have deep indents on the surface of their chewing teeth. Deep ridges tend to trap food particles in them which then become very difficult to clean. This then is an invitation to bacteria and plaque which produces acid and decay follows. The best way to combat this situation is to use sealants and seal these ridges. This takes only 2 to 3 minutes. It is an easy and affordable procedure to prevent cavities.

Teeth whitening

Teeth whitening is a procedure is carried out because it provides a fast and easy way to improve the appearance of your teeth. People whose natural colour of the teeth is yellowish, or if they have stained teeth due to substance abuse want to whiten their teeth. Many people whose teeth get stained due to their lifestyle, also get their teeth whitened.

This is very popular procedure which can be carried out at the dental clinic by your dentist. This procedure is gaining in popularity and there are over the counter kits available, but the procedure will last long and will be done accurately if you get it done in the dentist’s office. The dentist can offer this service in routine way regularly after the people reach the age of twenties. The dentist puts the whitening solution in a tray which works like a mouthguard. This tray is put across the teeth. The solution gets soaked up by the teeth and oxidization process starts. The teeth reflect less light and appear colourless which makes them look white and bright.

Dental bonding

Dental bonding is a procedure where the dentist uses solution to restore cracked teeth to improve appearance. The bonding solution is also used to restore chipped tooth in addition to closing the gap between teeth, change the shape and size of the teeth and covering stained teeth. These procedures are carried out not only to make the tee look prettier but also to improve the oral health of the patient. The procedure for dental bonding is simple and usually the dentist can try to finish it at one go.

The dentist will roughen up the tooth by scraping it and prepares it for the bonding material application. The bonding material is mixed with the appropriate matching colour of the adjoining teeth and then apply the solution on the surface of the tooth. After the application the dentist will shape the tooth according to the look of the neighbouring teeth to make it look natural. It hardens immediately and the patient is happy to have a restored tooth.

Dental fillings and crowns

Dental crowns are basically a restorative treatment for lost and missing teeth. Dental frowns are also used for badly stained teeth where no other method can be useful make them white and natural. There are many causes for losing teeth. Many people suffer tooth loss over a period of time.

Some people encounter accidents and lose teeth. Some have missing teeth due to old age. Some lose teeth because of dental decay and infection. Many people have stained teeth because of smoking and tobacco or having a lot of red wine.

For all these and more reasons, people need to get their teeth restored. Dental caries is a major reason why the dentist must use dental crowns. When you lose a lot of tooth material because of cavities, the dentist will clean the tooth from inside, remove the bacteria and infection and fill the tooth with dental filling. After this, the tooth needs to be capped otherwise the filling may fall off, or the tooth stands out among natural teeth because of its different colour.

The cap that covers the entire surface of the tooth is called crown. Finally, when the crown is fitted, it looks like other natural teeth. This procedure is also used for cracked or chipped teeth.

Is Wisdom tooth removal necessary?

Ad Min - Sunday, November 08, 2020

Many people do not even notice when their wisdom tooth is coming out. It erupts normally as other permanent teeth. Wisdom teeth are the third molars and are usually seen at the back of the mouth and almost the last to erupt. As they erupt quite late in the developmental stage of a person, they are called wisdom teeth.

The thought generally accepted is the wisdom teeth will cause problems and hence it is better to remove them. But that is not always the case. Dentists are the best judge of this. They will assess the oral health and condition before deciding whether wisdom teeth need to be removed or not.

When is removal of wisdom teeth recommended?

Wisdom tooth removal may usually be recommended under the following scenarios:

Gum problems
If there are inflammation and infection in the gum lining, then the health of the teeth will be affected. Bacterial action causes swelling and redness in the gum tissues. When the health of the gum lining is affected, it can also affect the health of the teeth. The gums are not able to provide the necessary support to the wisdom teeth and oral health can get compromised. To avoid this situation, dentists recommend removing the wisdom teeth and restoring the health of the gum tissues.

Damage to neighbouring teeth
Wisdom teeth, when they erupt, can push the other molars and cause problems on their positioning and with the bite. This can exert pressure on the teeth in the mouth and cause pain. It becomes difficult to speak and consume food in some cases. If the wisdom tooth has not erupted properly then food debris can collect near the root of the teeth. This can attract bacterial action and tooth decay. If there is decay in the wisdom teeth, there are high chances of this spreading to neighbouring teeth and damaging them as well.

Chewing and jaw problems
Wisdom teeth can push other molars and exert pressure, this can result in problems in chewing as they are pushed out of their desired position. Teeth can also scrape against the cheek and cause minor injuries there. Accidentally biting your cheek while consuming food, infections in the soft tissues of the mouth also can result. Jaws would have to take in extra pressure due to the positioning of the teeth. Cysts are observed formed near the new wisdom teeth. This can directly affect the health of the jaws and weaken them. The movement of the jaws can be quite painful due to this condition.

Impacted teeth
Some wisdom teeth erupt without any problem, where as some are not able to erupt smoothly. They are stuck below the surface of the gums (impacted) and cause problems to the gums and neighbouring teeth. It can be impacted partially or completely depending on if it has erupted or not. Some impacted teeth do not cause any problem at all to oral health. Whereas some will cause immense pain due to the pressure they exert on account of their position. Impacted teeth cause problems like gum diseases, cysts, tooth decay etc. If the problems are severe then dentists usually suggest the removal of wisdom teeth.

Tooth cavities
Infections near the gum lining of the teeth, due to the wisdom teeth being impacted can cause swelling. This can pull the gum lining away from the root of the teeth. This can promote bacterial action; food debris can get collected in the space and if unchecked can lead to cavities. Cavities destroy the teeth and bring down oral health. The unchecked bacterial action can spread to other neighbouring teeth as well. Oral health can be damaged and bring about more complicated dental problems. If cavities are formed and there is severe damage to the wisdom teeth, then usually they are removed.

Overcrowding
Wisdom teeth erupt long after the other permanent teeth are in position. The space in the mouth is occupied by other teeth and the wisdom teeth sometimes do not get enough space. This can lead to overcrowding of teeth in the mouth. Teeth are pushed and pressured against each other. Overcrowding of teeth can result in the uneven positing of the teeth in the mouth. This can lead to food particles getting locked in between the space in the mouth. This invites bacterial action and when unchecked can lead to cavities and tooth decay. If there are ‘too many teeth’ in the mouth, then teeth are removed to make space.

Deciding whether wisdom tooth extraction is required

The wisdom tooth is not extracted if it erupts smoothly, there is no damage or pressure exerted to the neighbouring teeth and if there are no other dental concerns. If the teeth are impacted, then dental surgery is required to remove the teeth. This is conducted under anaesthesia; this requires cutting open the jawbone to remove the impacted teeth. If it’s an issue of dental cavities, then depending upon the extent of damage, the treatment is planned. After the required procedure, dentists will prescribe medicine to help with the pain and to stop further infection. Guidance must be taken from the dentist on the aftercare procedures to be followed.

Dental consultations must be done at least twice a year, with a gap of six months is usually recommended. This helps to diagnose oral health and what measures need to be taken to improve it. Ignoring the pain and other dental discomfort and not seeking expert dental help can sometimes make the dental issue progress faster. Making oral health a priority and making oral hygiene a top priority will help to maintain oral health. Brushing and flossing twice a day will help to keep away most of the common dental problems at bay.

5 ways cosmetic dentistry can change your life

Ad Min - Monday, October 19, 2020

Cosmetic dentistry is a science that is involved in making your smile better, more beautiful, more enigmatic, more appealing. It is a branch of dentistry that gives an option to people to have aesthetic changes in their smiles through voluntary professional cosmetic procedures.

People who go through these cosmetic changes realize that they have found a new life, a better chance to enjoy life fully. More smiles produce more endorphins, the feel-good hormones by reducing stress, which contribute to longevity.

How does your life change with cosmetic dentistry?

Your life does change significantly for the better with cosmetic dentistry. Here are a few ways you may see its impact.

First impression

First impression is the best and often lasting impression. As is well known, the first impression we create in other people’s mind is through our outer personality, which includes, among other things, our smile. We can win or lose arguments, and people with our smiles.

A perfect set of teeth makes us confident to smile often. Crooked, uneven and stained teeth make us self-conscious and we hesitate to smile often. When you smile more, you receive more smiles in return. Smiles are reciprocated and helps in gaining more self-respect and confidence. A good smile can sometimes become the reason for you getting that coveted job!

Positive self-concept

Better looking teeth gives us confidence and as we all know; increased confidence transpires into more achievements. Self-confidence is an important part of personality and mental health. It produces a good and positive self-concept which in turn helps us in any field we choose to work in. When you think positive about yourself, naturally you will see good in other people too. These positive feelings are a boost to your social life. You will find more friends and have a good social circle. Positive self-concept and greater achievements move hand in hand. The more positive you have towards life, the more you achieve.

Healthier eating and drinking habits

Cosmetic dentistry changes your eating and drinking habits because when you are under the dental treatment you are advised not to eat a certain kind of foods.

Foods which contains a lot of sugar, or which are chewy like candies, and sugary sweets. Foods that stick to the teeth are also harmful while treatment is on. You are also advised to stay away from fizzy drinks and also the drink like tea and coffee which contain teeth staining elements. You are also prevented from substance abuse because of its ill effect on the teeth.

All of the above make the person more diet conscious and may help in getting rid of some of the ailments which are eliminated due to better diet.

Some get rid of abuse of drugs and tobacco because they are going through the treatment and it becomes natural for them to stay away from substance abuse. Smokers who are using tobacco are advised to stop smoking because they stain the teeth and hinders treatment progress.

Healthy and strict dental hygiene routine

When you are going through cosmetic dental treatment, your dentist will ask you to follow a strict routine for good dental care otherwise all his good work can be washed away. Regular brushing of teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day is a must. Apart from this, the dentist may prescribe mouth wash and tongue cleaning agent. All this will result in better looking you.

With good dental care, the person becomes more conscious of his appearance and takes care that he does not spoil the teeth again by not following a strict routine of cleanliness of the mouth. This then becomes a lifelong habit.

Better health

Cosmetic dentistry can give you better health because your chewing problems are taken care of. The pain because of decayed teeth is controlled. The fear of chewing because of the accompanying pain goes away. When you can chew better, it is helpful in getting a better digestion. Better digestion leads to better overall health, and the feeling of satisfaction, because it adds to your good looks also. Better looks and better health contribute to your overall personality and gears toward higher achievement in your chosen field. With better health the person can go into his chosen field with more confidence and more vitality.

How does cosmetic dentistry achieve a smile makeover?

There are numerous ways with which to get your smile better and more pleasing. Cosmetic dentistry is a field where the experts consult with your personal physician and decide on a course of action where he will transform your smile.

People with crooked or misaligned teeth, stained teeth and also people who have overbite, underbite or crossbite can get this treatment to correct the irregularities of their teeth.

There can be many plans with the dentist and an individual can select the best plan according to his needs and budget.

There are a variety of options available to choose from which can be discussed with the dentist and your family.

After making the choice, you must comply with the dentist’s suggestions and follow the guidelines given, slowly you will find your smile improving and the enhanced smile will change your life for the better.

There are numerous instances where only a simple procedure in dental treatment changed the life of a person entirely. When smile becomes more captivating, it automatically increases your social circle and your personality. A better smile results in greater options in choosing your path. You can fulfil your dreams of moving in larger and high-profile social circles.

Cosmetic dentistry is especially helpful when you are in a field where you have to face the people all the time. Film actors, Politicians, teachers, speakers and many other professionals who have to deal with people find cosmetic dentistry a great boon.

Many great personalities who are in public eye have found their calling after getting the treatments done by cosmetic dentists. Great theatre and film actors have become famous after going through cosmetic treatments with their teeth.

So if you have been wondering whether you could do with a smile makeover, why not step into your dentist’s office and find out what the options are?

Root Canal Process and Oral Health

Ad Min - Sunday, October 11, 2020

When you hear the word root canal, you may associate it with severe pain. Many are worried when they hear about the process and will try different ways to avoid it. Many often resort to self-medication due to fear. A root canal is the best restorative dental treatment one can opt for if there is a severe infection in the tooth. Bacteria erodes the root of the tooth by attacking it and the tooth can be saved by this specialised treatment.

This procedure is performed by dentists or orthodontists and requires specialised care. When it is said, the tooth is damaged, it is the core of the tooth that is infected. A tooth has three main parts – the outer protective enamel coating the dentine, the inner pulp which contains the nerve endings and blood vessels that help in tooth nourishment and then the root of the tooth.

The infection starts on the outer protective covering of the teeth. Lack of oral hygiene causes food debris to stick on to the teeth. This food usually gets glued to the grooves of the teeth. It is difficult to wash it away unless one brushes and floss frequently. This food particle will attract bacteria to it. Bacteria works on the food and releases an acid. This acid closely corrodes the top covering of the teeth.

Plaque build-up can also attract bacterial action on the tooth. This will help promote infection on the teeth faster than in a clean tooth. The bacteria work slowly on the teeth surface and infection reaches the pulp or core of the teeth. This region gets damaged and slowly the infection can spread to the roots of the teeth also and the whole teeth are damaged by bacterial action.

Restorative process

With the advancement in technology, the root canal is a complex process made simple. This can be completed in just two consultations with the dentist. Dentists will first determine the condition of the tooth and determine whether the tooth can withstand root canal treatment. This treatment is not painful as it is conducted under anaesthesia. The medicine is administered to numb the surrounding area. After the effect sets in, the procedure starts. The top portion of the teeth is removed and with specialised tools, the inner infected pulp is removed. To make sure the entire infection is flushed out. This makes sure there is no infection remaining in the pulp.

After this cleaning process, the core hollow area of the tooth is sealed with a material. This sealant fills up the surface and it is filled so that no infection can grow in that core. When the infection is removed, the nerve endings are removed. This will make the teeth dead. If the dentists feel there is any infection left, then they will apply medication to stop the infection from spreading.

The teeth do not feel any sensation at this point. Dentists will also place a crown on the top of the teeth to offer protection. The dental crown is placed on top of the treated teeth and the procedure is complete. The teeth that are damaged due to infection are saved by this process. Pain after the procedure is common as a detailed dental procedure has been performed. Dentists will give pain killers to tide over the pain. The wounds will heal in a few weeks time.

Care should be taken on the type of food that is consumed after surgery. Try to avoid food that is hard and chewy as this will bring more pressure to the teeth due to the chewy action. Before and after the procedure, it is important to check with the dentists on the do’s and don’ts. This will help in not compromising oral health further. It is important to pay attention to hygiene practices before and after the procedure. Teeth should be brushed (after they have healed completely) twice a day after meals and flossing should also be done to remove food particles that get stuck between teeth. Oral health helps promote the general health of a person also.

Promoting Oral health

A root canal procedure is needed when there is severe pain in the tooth, there is difficulty in moving the jaws and also painful to chew food. The movement of the jaws and teeth puts pressure on the infected teeth and pain escalates. The teeth can also change its colour- can get darker in colour due to infection. Teeth sensitivity is felt by many and this also effects food habits.

Root canal procedure as explained earlier helps with tooth recovery. The damaged portion of the tooth is removed and the tooth is saved. This helps to stop further damage to the tooth and also to the oral health of the person in general. If the tooth is not saved, then the infection can spread to the neighbouring teeth and decay can spread. It is not just the teeth that are affected, the gum lining and the jaws also can be damaged. The infection can cause inflammation and pain in the hum lining. They can become inflamed and get swollen. Some even have pain coming out of the infected gum lining. One can imagine how severe the issue is if the gum lining and jaws are affected.

Movement of the jaws, be it for chewing food or speech can get compromised. Swelling can also be seen in the cheeks and neck areas especially so even painful even to touch. Oral health is compromised greatly and so also the surrounding areas due to not performing root canal treatment. Furthermore, when the root canal is not performed and the decay reaches the roots, it can cause bone loss around the tip of the root. Infection can sometimes be drained into the blood stream and can reach other susceptible parts of the body as well. The far-reaching issues of decayed tooth and not performing root canal has serious effects on the oral health of a person and also the general health.

Understanding Cosmetic Surgery

Ad Min - Monday, September 28, 2020

Many would equate cosmetic dental surgery to sparkling white teeth. This specialised surgery does more than that – it also works on the shape of the teeth, the appearance of mouth through its numerous procedures. Some are simple that are completed in a single consultation whereas some require more detailed procedures.

Dental cosmetic procedures are decided based on the consultation the dentists have with their clients. The complete dental check-up helps to give a detailed and clear picture of the oral region. What are the areas that need correction, what procedures are suited best to achieve the desired results – all these are decided after check-up.

Cosmetic surgery helps to improve smile and appearance, it also helps boost oral health and hygiene and also self-esteem. Many dental concerns that people have be it crooked teeth or overcrowded teeth or stained teeth – all these points towards loss of oral health. By different cosmetic treatments, oral health is recovered. Major cosmetic procedures are discussed.

Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening can be thought of as a synonym for cosmetic dentistry as many know cosmetic dentistry through its teeth whitening procedure. This is one of the simplest dental procedures conducted to improve the appearance of the teeth and also for enhancing the cleanliness of the teeth. Teeth which are stained due to food stains or due to habits like smoking or tobacco or long term use of medicines are cleaned with this procedure. Tartar or plaque formation can also cause teeth discolouration. The dentist will place a rubber covering for the gums and then apply a safe bleaching agent to the teeth. This procedure can be done at home or in a dental clinic.

Composite bonding

Improving the appearance of teeth is done by bonding, this does not require removing any part of the tooth. Teeth lose their shape due to injury, teeth grinding, or trauma to the oral region. The crooked tooth can regain its shape by this procedure. A resin material is added to the tooth to help regain its natural shape. There are also used to fill the gaps between the teeth to get a ‘fuller’ appearance. This procedure does not require many visits to the dentists, usually is done in a single visit. The products do last long provided proper care is taken. The advantage is that they do not stain and sparkle in the teeth will stay for a long time.

Inlays and Onlays

Both these are different types of fillings used on the teeth. They offer protection and strength to the teeth that have been worn out due to wear and tear. The decayed portion of the teeth is removed and the procedures are conducted. The Inlay or Onlay is placed on the tooth and then polished. There are different types of materials that one can use from for the Inlays and Onlays. Inlays are fillings that are applied to the grooves of the teeth and do not extend towards the sides whereas Onlays are applied when there is extensive damage and covers the cusp of the teeth also.

Dental Veneers

Veneers are protective thin covering placed over the tooth. This is useful if the tooth is chipped, broken or crooked. They look like natural teeth and they come in different colours as well so to mimic the natural teeth colour. They can also be placed to fill ‘gaps’ between teeth.  They are durable and for placing them, the dentists will remove or shape the teeth so that when veneers are placed, the teeth don’t jut out. It is the dental enamel that is removed for this process and the dental veneers are placed and glued to the teeth. They do not absorb stain from food or drinks and need not be replaced frequently.

Dental Implants

This is a detailed procedure or surgery that is performed to replace lost teeth. The roots of the tooth are replaced by metal roots and then the artificial tooth is placed on the place of the tooth that is lost. This is a lifesaver for those who are unable to go for dental crowns and bridge procedures. This procedure takes few months as the jaw bone is cut open to place the root of the tooth. After the gum is healed, then the dentist will perform the procedure of placing an artificial tooth. This can be easily done for those with strong jaw bones and suited for those who cannot wear dentures.

Invisalign or braces

Invisalign is the latest in the field of using braces. Braces help to straighten crowded teeth, align them properly and gives the wearer the confidence of having straight and perfect teeth. Overcrowded teeth are often a problem seen in both adults and children. While there are traditional braces that one can opt for, many prefer to go for invasalign treatment. These are invisible dental aligners that can be slipped into the teeth. They are custom made and slowly they shift the teeth to the desired position. They are more comfortable than the normal metal braces, when requiring the elastic bands be adjusted at the clinic and they are visible also. With these invisible braces, many people feel confident of using the braces.

Teeth reshaping

This is also called dental contouring, teeth that are crooked, chipped, cracked or even overlapping are set right with this cosmetic procedure. Dentists will remove the outer enamel to shape and trim the tooth to the desired shape. This is sometimes used as a substitute for those who might need braces. This procedure is usually combined with teeth bonding for a better finish. This procedure helps to correct the appearance and also obtain a better bite. Correcting overlapping teeth will help reduce plaque or tartar formation between the teeth.

Orthodontic treatment

This treatment involves straightening teeth or moving them to the desired position for a better appearance. Jaws that are not properly proportioned or have teeth that move out of line can be correct using this cosmetic procedure. Pain and ache in the jaws, mouth are all caused by an uneven bite. This type of treatment can help remove these issues. Different procedures are adopted depending on the need. This procedure using braces only, or can be a combination of surgery or braces.

Understanding Dental Implants

Ad Min - Tuesday, September 15, 2020

In simple terms dental implants are one of the major prosthetic replacement for missing teeth. A dental implant is an implanted metal piece inserted into the jawbone and allowed to be surrounded by dental tissues till it fuses completely with the bone, and can act a tooth root, which will be then used to hold artificial teeth on top of them.

Who can benefit from a dental implant?

Dental implants are used for people who have lost teeth for whatever reason. They can be used for aesthetic dentistry also.

Dental implants can be used to replace one tooth or multiple teeth depending on the need of the patient. They can benefit people who have lost teeth because of tooth decay, injury, medical problems, or trauma.

Since they involve invasive dentistry, the overall physical health of the patient is most important. The candidate for the dental implants needs to be fee from major diseases and some conditions.

Diseases that require radiation will affect the fusion of the implant with the bone, and will hinder growth of tissues around the metal screw inserted in the jaw. Also, people with uncontrolled diabetes are not the right choice for dental implants because the blood sugar will interfere with the healing and fusing of dental tissues with the metal implant in the jaw bone.

People who have periodontal disease cannot be considered for the dental implants because the infection in the gums will not allow the bone to fuse with the metal screw implanted in the jaw. Smoking and alcoholism also prevent successful fusion of the bone and therefore people with these habits may not be considered for the dental implants.

Benefits of dental implants

  • Dental implants are a better option than other therapies for teeth replacements.
  • Dental implants look very natural and therefore give better smile, making the person more self-confident.
  • The neighbouring teeth are not affected by the implant and that makes implants practical.
  • The dental implants are get integrated into the bone structures of the jaw. And almost become natural. This prevents complications of other traditional replacement options and are generally more safe and stable.
  • It requires very little maintenance and therefore costs less for maintenance after the initial cost.
  • Dental implants are cost effective because in addition to teeth replacement, they can also be used to support removable dentures.
  • Another benefit of dental implant is, its use as a temporary anchorage, when there is a need to move teeth in desired direction. This orthodontics procedure can be carried out by using mini implants. (These mini implants are removed after their purpose is served).

Actual procedure to install dental implants

The procedure starts with the visit to the dentist with a complaint for missing teeth. The dentist will study the bone structure and looks at all the possibilities for treatment. When he presents the various options available, he allows the patient to decide whether he wants to opt for dental implants.

Before the decision to go for dental implant surgery, the dentist requires x rays and a full panoramic view of the teeth structure to see whether the bone is strong and dense enough to support implants and also to choose the spots where implants can be installed. In subsequent meetings, the dentist will require the patient’s overall health report. Blood sugar levels are very important for the healing process. The blood sugar should be controlled before the surgery.

The dentist will also need to know if the patient is on any specific medication for diseases like cancer or lung diseases because any kind of radiation will not allow healing after the surgery.

The cost factor is an important factor before the surgery. The dentist will discuss the cost of the implants and the other incidental costs including the fees. The patient will have to find out how much will be covered by the dental insurance and other state benefits.

Before the actual installation, the dental surgeon will perform extractions of teeth if needed. It is usually a requirement because many sites where dental implants are placed may have a damaged tooth there.

To install the implant this damaged tooth has to be extracted. In many cases the receiving bone needs an alveolar bone graft if there is a damaged tooth there, either synthetic or real. placed there to obtain a more solid base. This site may need 2 to 6 months to heal. If the site has no teeth on this site, it may have lost bone. Here onlay bone will be placed on top of the existing bone. Sometimes the dentist may carry out implant procedure in the same sitting. When bone is resorbed a lot, the sinus lift may be needed where the sinus has to be lifted to place the bone graft.

The titanium post is implanted in the readied bone with special tools. A cap is placed over the implant and it is left to heal for many months. A temporary denture is made for aesthetic purposes. During the healing period the bone and implant are integrated and the implant becomes ready to receive teeth on top. The dental implant should not be stressed and regular check up of the site is important to see the healing and integrations are going on well. Once the dentist is satisfied with the progress of integration, he will place a prosthetic piece called abutment on the implant and fix it in place with screws. Abutment is used to hold crowns or replacement teeth, which are customised according the image of the abutment mould.

If the patient is fit, and takes good dental hygiene care, the dental implants will last almost for life.


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