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What Are the Procedures That Dentists Usually Conduct?

Ad Min - Monday, November 16, 2020

Dentists all over usually perform procedures that are developed to look after the needs of families and individuals to keep their natural teeth healthy and in working condition as long as possible, and keep the gums and mouth bacteria free to prevent gum disease and other oral health problems. The dental procedures are garnered to cater to people to safeguard their dental health to the maximum and stop any dental problem from getting worse.

Common dental procedures include the following:

  • Teeth cleaning including deep cleaning
  • Fluoride treatments
  • Dental sealants
  • Teeth whitening
  • Dental bonding
  • Dental fillings and crowns

Dental cleaning

When you register for your routine check-ups, usually you will be advised to contact your dental office for appointments twice a year, for check-ups and for dental cleaning. The dentist will begin by checking your mouth for any anomaly. Then he will proceed to clean the plaque and tartar from the teeth and gum line and from between the teeth. The dentist will remove all tartar with scraping it out with special instrument. Tartar cannot be removed with brushing. Brushing and flossing regularly will not allow tartar to build on your teeth in the first place.

After the cleaning is done, the dentist will brush your teeth with a powerful electric brush which will deep clean the teeth and wash away any tartar that could have been left behind by scraping. After deep cleaning the dentist will floss your teeth and may be able to find trouble spot if your gums are bleeding. After flossing you get rinsing which will remove all debris from brushing, scraping, and flossing.

Fluoride treatment

This is a protective treatment for the teeth which will protect against cavities for many months. A foamy gel or a sticky paste is put into a mouth guard like device which fits in your mouth and left for a minute to take effect. Fluoride varnish can also be applied on the teeth.

Dental sealant

This is a plastic like clear material brushed gently onto the teeth. This procedure is followed for people who have deep indents on the surface of their chewing teeth. Deep ridges tend to trap food particles in them which then become very difficult to clean. This then is an invitation to bacteria and plaque which produces acid and decay follows. The best way to combat this situation is to use sealants and seal these ridges. This takes only 2 to 3 minutes. It is an easy and affordable procedure to prevent cavities.

Teeth whitening

Teeth whitening is a procedure is carried out because it provides a fast and easy way to improve the appearance of your teeth. People whose natural colour of the teeth is yellowish, or if they have stained teeth due to substance abuse want to whiten their teeth. Many people whose teeth get stained due to their lifestyle, also get their teeth whitened.

This is very popular procedure which can be carried out at the dental clinic by your dentist. This procedure is gaining in popularity and there are over the counter kits available, but the procedure will last long and will be done accurately if you get it done in the dentist’s office. The dentist can offer this service in routine way regularly after the people reach the age of twenties. The dentist puts the whitening solution in a tray which works like a mouthguard. This tray is put across the teeth. The solution gets soaked up by the teeth and oxidization process starts. The teeth reflect less light and appear colourless which makes them look white and bright.

Dental bonding

Dental bonding is a procedure where the dentist uses solution to restore cracked teeth to improve appearance. The bonding solution is also used to restore chipped tooth in addition to closing the gap between teeth, change the shape and size of the teeth and covering stained teeth. These procedures are carried out not only to make the tee look prettier but also to improve the oral health of the patient. The procedure for dental bonding is simple and usually the dentist can try to finish it at one go.

The dentist will roughen up the tooth by scraping it and prepares it for the bonding material application. The bonding material is mixed with the appropriate matching colour of the adjoining teeth and then apply the solution on the surface of the tooth. After the application the dentist will shape the tooth according to the look of the neighbouring teeth to make it look natural. It hardens immediately and the patient is happy to have a restored tooth.

Dental fillings and crowns

Dental crowns are basically a restorative treatment for lost and missing teeth. Dental frowns are also used for badly stained teeth where no other method can be useful make them white and natural. There are many causes for losing teeth. Many people suffer tooth loss over a period of time.

Some people encounter accidents and lose teeth. Some have missing teeth due to old age. Some lose teeth because of dental decay and infection. Many people have stained teeth because of smoking and tobacco or having a lot of red wine.

For all these and more reasons, people need to get their teeth restored. Dental caries is a major reason why the dentist must use dental crowns. When you lose a lot of tooth material because of cavities, the dentist will clean the tooth from inside, remove the bacteria and infection and fill the tooth with dental filling. After this, the tooth needs to be capped otherwise the filling may fall off, or the tooth stands out among natural teeth because of its different colour.

The cap that covers the entire surface of the tooth is called crown. Finally, when the crown is fitted, it looks like other natural teeth. This procedure is also used for cracked or chipped teeth.

Is Wisdom tooth removal necessary?

Ad Min - Sunday, November 08, 2020

Many people do not even notice when their wisdom tooth is coming out. It erupts normally as other permanent teeth. Wisdom teeth are the third molars and are usually seen at the back of the mouth and almost the last to erupt. As they erupt quite late in the developmental stage of a person, they are called wisdom teeth.

The thought generally accepted is the wisdom teeth will cause problems and hence it is better to remove them. But that is not always the case. Dentists are the best judge of this. They will assess the oral health and condition before deciding whether wisdom teeth need to be removed or not.

When is removal of wisdom teeth recommended?

Wisdom tooth removal may usually be recommended under the following scenarios:

Gum problems
If there are inflammation and infection in the gum lining, then the health of the teeth will be affected. Bacterial action causes swelling and redness in the gum tissues. When the health of the gum lining is affected, it can also affect the health of the teeth. The gums are not able to provide the necessary support to the wisdom teeth and oral health can get compromised. To avoid this situation, dentists recommend removing the wisdom teeth and restoring the health of the gum tissues.

Damage to neighbouring teeth
Wisdom teeth, when they erupt, can push the other molars and cause problems on their positioning and with the bite. This can exert pressure on the teeth in the mouth and cause pain. It becomes difficult to speak and consume food in some cases. If the wisdom tooth has not erupted properly then food debris can collect near the root of the teeth. This can attract bacterial action and tooth decay. If there is decay in the wisdom teeth, there are high chances of this spreading to neighbouring teeth and damaging them as well.

Chewing and jaw problems
Wisdom teeth can push other molars and exert pressure, this can result in problems in chewing as they are pushed out of their desired position. Teeth can also scrape against the cheek and cause minor injuries there. Accidentally biting your cheek while consuming food, infections in the soft tissues of the mouth also can result. Jaws would have to take in extra pressure due to the positioning of the teeth. Cysts are observed formed near the new wisdom teeth. This can directly affect the health of the jaws and weaken them. The movement of the jaws can be quite painful due to this condition.

Impacted teeth
Some wisdom teeth erupt without any problem, where as some are not able to erupt smoothly. They are stuck below the surface of the gums (impacted) and cause problems to the gums and neighbouring teeth. It can be impacted partially or completely depending on if it has erupted or not. Some impacted teeth do not cause any problem at all to oral health. Whereas some will cause immense pain due to the pressure they exert on account of their position. Impacted teeth cause problems like gum diseases, cysts, tooth decay etc. If the problems are severe then dentists usually suggest the removal of wisdom teeth.

Tooth cavities
Infections near the gum lining of the teeth, due to the wisdom teeth being impacted can cause swelling. This can pull the gum lining away from the root of the teeth. This can promote bacterial action; food debris can get collected in the space and if unchecked can lead to cavities. Cavities destroy the teeth and bring down oral health. The unchecked bacterial action can spread to other neighbouring teeth as well. Oral health can be damaged and bring about more complicated dental problems. If cavities are formed and there is severe damage to the wisdom teeth, then usually they are removed.

Overcrowding
Wisdom teeth erupt long after the other permanent teeth are in position. The space in the mouth is occupied by other teeth and the wisdom teeth sometimes do not get enough space. This can lead to overcrowding of teeth in the mouth. Teeth are pushed and pressured against each other. Overcrowding of teeth can result in the uneven positing of the teeth in the mouth. This can lead to food particles getting locked in between the space in the mouth. This invites bacterial action and when unchecked can lead to cavities and tooth decay. If there are ‘too many teeth’ in the mouth, then teeth are removed to make space.

Deciding whether wisdom tooth extraction is required

The wisdom tooth is not extracted if it erupts smoothly, there is no damage or pressure exerted to the neighbouring teeth and if there are no other dental concerns. If the teeth are impacted, then dental surgery is required to remove the teeth. This is conducted under anaesthesia; this requires cutting open the jawbone to remove the impacted teeth. If it’s an issue of dental cavities, then depending upon the extent of damage, the treatment is planned. After the required procedure, dentists will prescribe medicine to help with the pain and to stop further infection. Guidance must be taken from the dentist on the aftercare procedures to be followed.

Dental consultations must be done at least twice a year, with a gap of six months is usually recommended. This helps to diagnose oral health and what measures need to be taken to improve it. Ignoring the pain and other dental discomfort and not seeking expert dental help can sometimes make the dental issue progress faster. Making oral health a priority and making oral hygiene a top priority will help to maintain oral health. Brushing and flossing twice a day will help to keep away most of the common dental problems at bay.


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