5 ways cosmetic dentistry can change your life

Ad Min - Monday, October 19, 2020

Cosmetic dentistry is a science that is involved in making your smile better, more beautiful, more enigmatic, more appealing. It is a branch of dentistry that gives an option to people to have aesthetic changes in their smiles through voluntary professional cosmetic procedures.

People who go through these cosmetic changes realize that they have found a new life, a better chance to enjoy life fully. More smiles produce more endorphins, the feel-good hormones by reducing stress, which contribute to longevity.

How does your life change with cosmetic dentistry?

Your life does change significantly for the better with cosmetic dentistry. Here are a few ways you may see its impact.

First impression

First impression is the best and often lasting impression. As is well known, the first impression we create in other people’s mind is through our outer personality, which includes, among other things, our smile. We can win or lose arguments, and people with our smiles.

A perfect set of teeth makes us confident to smile often. Crooked, uneven and stained teeth make us self-conscious and we hesitate to smile often. When you smile more, you receive more smiles in return. Smiles are reciprocated and helps in gaining more self-respect and confidence. A good smile can sometimes become the reason for you getting that coveted job!

Positive self-concept

Better looking teeth gives us confidence and as we all know; increased confidence transpires into more achievements. Self-confidence is an important part of personality and mental health. It produces a good and positive self-concept which in turn helps us in any field we choose to work in. When you think positive about yourself, naturally you will see good in other people too. These positive feelings are a boost to your social life. You will find more friends and have a good social circle. Positive self-concept and greater achievements move hand in hand. The more positive you have towards life, the more you achieve.

Healthier eating and drinking habits

Cosmetic dentistry changes your eating and drinking habits because when you are under the dental treatment you are advised not to eat a certain kind of foods.

Foods which contains a lot of sugar, or which are chewy like candies, and sugary sweets. Foods that stick to the teeth are also harmful while treatment is on. You are also advised to stay away from fizzy drinks and also the drink like tea and coffee which contain teeth staining elements. You are also prevented from substance abuse because of its ill effect on the teeth.

All of the above make the person more diet conscious and may help in getting rid of some of the ailments which are eliminated due to better diet.

Some get rid of abuse of drugs and tobacco because they are going through the treatment and it becomes natural for them to stay away from substance abuse. Smokers who are using tobacco are advised to stop smoking because they stain the teeth and hinders treatment progress.

Healthy and strict dental hygiene routine

When you are going through cosmetic dental treatment, your dentist will ask you to follow a strict routine for good dental care otherwise all his good work can be washed away. Regular brushing of teeth at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day is a must. Apart from this, the dentist may prescribe mouth wash and tongue cleaning agent. All this will result in better looking you.

With good dental care, the person becomes more conscious of his appearance and takes care that he does not spoil the teeth again by not following a strict routine of cleanliness of the mouth. This then becomes a lifelong habit.

Better health

Cosmetic dentistry can give you better health because your chewing problems are taken care of. The pain because of decayed teeth is controlled. The fear of chewing because of the accompanying pain goes away. When you can chew better, it is helpful in getting a better digestion. Better digestion leads to better overall health, and the feeling of satisfaction, because it adds to your good looks also. Better looks and better health contribute to your overall personality and gears toward higher achievement in your chosen field. With better health the person can go into his chosen field with more confidence and more vitality.

How does cosmetic dentistry achieve a smile makeover?

There are numerous ways with which to get your smile better and more pleasing. Cosmetic dentistry is a field where the experts consult with your personal physician and decide on a course of action where he will transform your smile.

People with crooked or misaligned teeth, stained teeth and also people who have overbite, underbite or crossbite can get this treatment to correct the irregularities of their teeth.

There can be many plans with the dentist and an individual can select the best plan according to his needs and budget.

There are a variety of options available to choose from which can be discussed with the dentist and your family.

After making the choice, you must comply with the dentist’s suggestions and follow the guidelines given, slowly you will find your smile improving and the enhanced smile will change your life for the better.

There are numerous instances where only a simple procedure in dental treatment changed the life of a person entirely. When smile becomes more captivating, it automatically increases your social circle and your personality. A better smile results in greater options in choosing your path. You can fulfil your dreams of moving in larger and high-profile social circles.

Cosmetic dentistry is especially helpful when you are in a field where you have to face the people all the time. Film actors, Politicians, teachers, speakers and many other professionals who have to deal with people find cosmetic dentistry a great boon.

Many great personalities who are in public eye have found their calling after getting the treatments done by cosmetic dentists. Great theatre and film actors have become famous after going through cosmetic treatments with their teeth.

So if you have been wondering whether you could do with a smile makeover, why not step into your dentist’s office and find out what the options are?

Root Canal Process and Oral Health

Ad Min - Sunday, October 11, 2020

When you hear the word root canal, you may associate it with severe pain. Many are worried when they hear about the process and will try different ways to avoid it. Many often resort to self-medication due to fear. A root canal is the best restorative dental treatment one can opt for if there is a severe infection in the tooth. Bacteria erodes the root of the tooth by attacking it and the tooth can be saved by this specialised treatment.

This procedure is performed by dentists or orthodontists and requires specialised care. When it is said, the tooth is damaged, it is the core of the tooth that is infected. A tooth has three main parts – the outer protective enamel coating the dentine, the inner pulp which contains the nerve endings and blood vessels that help in tooth nourishment and then the root of the tooth.

The infection starts on the outer protective covering of the teeth. Lack of oral hygiene causes food debris to stick on to the teeth. This food usually gets glued to the grooves of the teeth. It is difficult to wash it away unless one brushes and floss frequently. This food particle will attract bacteria to it. Bacteria works on the food and releases an acid. This acid closely corrodes the top covering of the teeth.

Plaque build-up can also attract bacterial action on the tooth. This will help promote infection on the teeth faster than in a clean tooth. The bacteria work slowly on the teeth surface and infection reaches the pulp or core of the teeth. This region gets damaged and slowly the infection can spread to the roots of the teeth also and the whole teeth are damaged by bacterial action.

Restorative process

With the advancement in technology, the root canal is a complex process made simple. This can be completed in just two consultations with the dentist. Dentists will first determine the condition of the tooth and determine whether the tooth can withstand root canal treatment. This treatment is not painful as it is conducted under anaesthesia. The medicine is administered to numb the surrounding area. After the effect sets in, the procedure starts. The top portion of the teeth is removed and with specialised tools, the inner infected pulp is removed. To make sure the entire infection is flushed out. This makes sure there is no infection remaining in the pulp.

After this cleaning process, the core hollow area of the tooth is sealed with a material. This sealant fills up the surface and it is filled so that no infection can grow in that core. When the infection is removed, the nerve endings are removed. This will make the teeth dead. If the dentists feel there is any infection left, then they will apply medication to stop the infection from spreading.

The teeth do not feel any sensation at this point. Dentists will also place a crown on the top of the teeth to offer protection. The dental crown is placed on top of the treated teeth and the procedure is complete. The teeth that are damaged due to infection are saved by this process. Pain after the procedure is common as a detailed dental procedure has been performed. Dentists will give pain killers to tide over the pain. The wounds will heal in a few weeks time.

Care should be taken on the type of food that is consumed after surgery. Try to avoid food that is hard and chewy as this will bring more pressure to the teeth due to the chewy action. Before and after the procedure, it is important to check with the dentists on the do’s and don’ts. This will help in not compromising oral health further. It is important to pay attention to hygiene practices before and after the procedure. Teeth should be brushed (after they have healed completely) twice a day after meals and flossing should also be done to remove food particles that get stuck between teeth. Oral health helps promote the general health of a person also.

Promoting Oral health

A root canal procedure is needed when there is severe pain in the tooth, there is difficulty in moving the jaws and also painful to chew food. The movement of the jaws and teeth puts pressure on the infected teeth and pain escalates. The teeth can also change its colour- can get darker in colour due to infection. Teeth sensitivity is felt by many and this also effects food habits.

Root canal procedure as explained earlier helps with tooth recovery. The damaged portion of the tooth is removed and the tooth is saved. This helps to stop further damage to the tooth and also to the oral health of the person in general. If the tooth is not saved, then the infection can spread to the neighbouring teeth and decay can spread. It is not just the teeth that are affected, the gum lining and the jaws also can be damaged. The infection can cause inflammation and pain in the hum lining. They can become inflamed and get swollen. Some even have pain coming out of the infected gum lining. One can imagine how severe the issue is if the gum lining and jaws are affected.

Movement of the jaws, be it for chewing food or speech can get compromised. Swelling can also be seen in the cheeks and neck areas especially so even painful even to touch. Oral health is compromised greatly and so also the surrounding areas due to not performing root canal treatment. Furthermore, when the root canal is not performed and the decay reaches the roots, it can cause bone loss around the tip of the root. Infection can sometimes be drained into the blood stream and can reach other susceptible parts of the body as well. The far-reaching issues of decayed tooth and not performing root canal has serious effects on the oral health of a person and also the general health.

Understanding Cosmetic Surgery

Ad Min - Monday, September 28, 2020

Many would equate cosmetic dental surgery to sparkling white teeth. This specialised surgery does more than that – it also works on the shape of the teeth, the appearance of mouth through its numerous procedures. Some are simple that are completed in a single consultation whereas some require more detailed procedures.

Dental cosmetic procedures are decided based on the consultation the dentists have with their clients. The complete dental check-up helps to give a detailed and clear picture of the oral region. What are the areas that need correction, what procedures are suited best to achieve the desired results – all these are decided after check-up.

Cosmetic surgery helps to improve smile and appearance, it also helps boost oral health and hygiene and also self-esteem. Many dental concerns that people have be it crooked teeth or overcrowded teeth or stained teeth – all these points towards loss of oral health. By different cosmetic treatments, oral health is recovered. Major cosmetic procedures are discussed.

Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening can be thought of as a synonym for cosmetic dentistry as many know cosmetic dentistry through its teeth whitening procedure. This is one of the simplest dental procedures conducted to improve the appearance of the teeth and also for enhancing the cleanliness of the teeth. Teeth which are stained due to food stains or due to habits like smoking or tobacco or long term use of medicines are cleaned with this procedure. Tartar or plaque formation can also cause teeth discolouration. The dentist will place a rubber covering for the gums and then apply a safe bleaching agent to the teeth. This procedure can be done at home or in a dental clinic.

Composite bonding

Improving the appearance of teeth is done by bonding, this does not require removing any part of the tooth. Teeth lose their shape due to injury, teeth grinding, or trauma to the oral region. The crooked tooth can regain its shape by this procedure. A resin material is added to the tooth to help regain its natural shape. There are also used to fill the gaps between the teeth to get a ‘fuller’ appearance. This procedure does not require many visits to the dentists, usually is done in a single visit. The products do last long provided proper care is taken. The advantage is that they do not stain and sparkle in the teeth will stay for a long time.

Inlays and Onlays

Both these are different types of fillings used on the teeth. They offer protection and strength to the teeth that have been worn out due to wear and tear. The decayed portion of the teeth is removed and the procedures are conducted. The Inlay or Onlay is placed on the tooth and then polished. There are different types of materials that one can use from for the Inlays and Onlays. Inlays are fillings that are applied to the grooves of the teeth and do not extend towards the sides whereas Onlays are applied when there is extensive damage and covers the cusp of the teeth also.

Dental Veneers

Veneers are protective thin covering placed over the tooth. This is useful if the tooth is chipped, broken or crooked. They look like natural teeth and they come in different colours as well so to mimic the natural teeth colour. They can also be placed to fill ‘gaps’ between teeth.  They are durable and for placing them, the dentists will remove or shape the teeth so that when veneers are placed, the teeth don’t jut out. It is the dental enamel that is removed for this process and the dental veneers are placed and glued to the teeth. They do not absorb stain from food or drinks and need not be replaced frequently.

Dental Implants

This is a detailed procedure or surgery that is performed to replace lost teeth. The roots of the tooth are replaced by metal roots and then the artificial tooth is placed on the place of the tooth that is lost. This is a lifesaver for those who are unable to go for dental crowns and bridge procedures. This procedure takes few months as the jaw bone is cut open to place the root of the tooth. After the gum is healed, then the dentist will perform the procedure of placing an artificial tooth. This can be easily done for those with strong jaw bones and suited for those who cannot wear dentures.

Invisalign or braces

Invisalign is the latest in the field of using braces. Braces help to straighten crowded teeth, align them properly and gives the wearer the confidence of having straight and perfect teeth. Overcrowded teeth are often a problem seen in both adults and children. While there are traditional braces that one can opt for, many prefer to go for invasalign treatment. These are invisible dental aligners that can be slipped into the teeth. They are custom made and slowly they shift the teeth to the desired position. They are more comfortable than the normal metal braces, when requiring the elastic bands be adjusted at the clinic and they are visible also. With these invisible braces, many people feel confident of using the braces.

Teeth reshaping

This is also called dental contouring, teeth that are crooked, chipped, cracked or even overlapping are set right with this cosmetic procedure. Dentists will remove the outer enamel to shape and trim the tooth to the desired shape. This is sometimes used as a substitute for those who might need braces. This procedure is usually combined with teeth bonding for a better finish. This procedure helps to correct the appearance and also obtain a better bite. Correcting overlapping teeth will help reduce plaque or tartar formation between the teeth.

Orthodontic treatment

This treatment involves straightening teeth or moving them to the desired position for a better appearance. Jaws that are not properly proportioned or have teeth that move out of line can be correct using this cosmetic procedure. Pain and ache in the jaws, mouth are all caused by an uneven bite. This type of treatment can help remove these issues. Different procedures are adopted depending on the need. This procedure using braces only, or can be a combination of surgery or braces.

Understanding Dental Implants

Ad Min - Tuesday, September 15, 2020

In simple terms dental implants are one of the major prosthetic replacement for missing teeth. A dental implant is an implanted metal piece inserted into the jawbone and allowed to be surrounded by dental tissues till it fuses completely with the bone, and can act a tooth root, which will be then used to hold artificial teeth on top of them.

Who can benefit from a dental implant?

Dental implants are used for people who have lost teeth for whatever reason. They can be used for aesthetic dentistry also.

Dental implants can be used to replace one tooth or multiple teeth depending on the need of the patient. They can benefit people who have lost teeth because of tooth decay, injury, medical problems, or trauma.

Since they involve invasive dentistry, the overall physical health of the patient is most important. The candidate for the dental implants needs to be fee from major diseases and some conditions.

Diseases that require radiation will affect the fusion of the implant with the bone, and will hinder growth of tissues around the metal screw inserted in the jaw. Also, people with uncontrolled diabetes are not the right choice for dental implants because the blood sugar will interfere with the healing and fusing of dental tissues with the metal implant in the jaw bone.

People who have periodontal disease cannot be considered for the dental implants because the infection in the gums will not allow the bone to fuse with the metal screw implanted in the jaw. Smoking and alcoholism also prevent successful fusion of the bone and therefore people with these habits may not be considered for the dental implants.

Benefits of dental implants

  • Dental implants are a better option than other therapies for teeth replacements.
  • Dental implants look very natural and therefore give better smile, making the person more self-confident.
  • The neighbouring teeth are not affected by the implant and that makes implants practical.
  • The dental implants are get integrated into the bone structures of the jaw. And almost become natural. This prevents complications of other traditional replacement options and are generally more safe and stable.
  • It requires very little maintenance and therefore costs less for maintenance after the initial cost.
  • Dental implants are cost effective because in addition to teeth replacement, they can also be used to support removable dentures.
  • Another benefit of dental implant is, its use as a temporary anchorage, when there is a need to move teeth in desired direction. This orthodontics procedure can be carried out by using mini implants. (These mini implants are removed after their purpose is served).

Actual procedure to install dental implants

The procedure starts with the visit to the dentist with a complaint for missing teeth. The dentist will study the bone structure and looks at all the possibilities for treatment. When he presents the various options available, he allows the patient to decide whether he wants to opt for dental implants.

Before the decision to go for dental implant surgery, the dentist requires x rays and a full panoramic view of the teeth structure to see whether the bone is strong and dense enough to support implants and also to choose the spots where implants can be installed. In subsequent meetings, the dentist will require the patient’s overall health report. Blood sugar levels are very important for the healing process. The blood sugar should be controlled before the surgery.

The dentist will also need to know if the patient is on any specific medication for diseases like cancer or lung diseases because any kind of radiation will not allow healing after the surgery.

The cost factor is an important factor before the surgery. The dentist will discuss the cost of the implants and the other incidental costs including the fees. The patient will have to find out how much will be covered by the dental insurance and other state benefits.

Before the actual installation, the dental surgeon will perform extractions of teeth if needed. It is usually a requirement because many sites where dental implants are placed may have a damaged tooth there.

To install the implant this damaged tooth has to be extracted. In many cases the receiving bone needs an alveolar bone graft if there is a damaged tooth there, either synthetic or real. placed there to obtain a more solid base. This site may need 2 to 6 months to heal. If the site has no teeth on this site, it may have lost bone. Here onlay bone will be placed on top of the existing bone. Sometimes the dentist may carry out implant procedure in the same sitting. When bone is resorbed a lot, the sinus lift may be needed where the sinus has to be lifted to place the bone graft.

The titanium post is implanted in the readied bone with special tools. A cap is placed over the implant and it is left to heal for many months. A temporary denture is made for aesthetic purposes. During the healing period the bone and implant are integrated and the implant becomes ready to receive teeth on top. The dental implant should not be stressed and regular check up of the site is important to see the healing and integrations are going on well. Once the dentist is satisfied with the progress of integration, he will place a prosthetic piece called abutment on the implant and fix it in place with screws. Abutment is used to hold crowns or replacement teeth, which are customised according the image of the abutment mould.

If the patient is fit, and takes good dental hygiene care, the dental implants will last almost for life.

6 Signs You Need An Emergency Dentist

Ad Min - Monday, August 31, 2020

Most people in Australia now have become aware about dental care and hygiene. We all want to keep our teeth in good health and usually we get our teeth and gums checked regularly may be once or twice a year.

Apart from these scheduled visits, sometimes we find ourselves in need of dental care for problems that may develop between scheduled appointments. But apart from these routine check-ups and some little problems which can be tackled at its time.

But sometimes there are real emergencies when you cannot wait till your turn comes to see the dentist. What is this emergency which requires the dentist’s immediate attention?

There are 6 most urgent signs that tell you that you need to see the dentist right away.

Severe and unbearable pain in the tooth

Certain toothaches develop suddenly and get out of control. The Constant throbbing pain is so intense that it just does not respond to any home remedy like applying ice or some sort of antibiotic gel or balm. This debilitating pain brings on so much discomfort that you cannot sleep and cannot even lie down with the pain. This pain travels to your ear and even neck. Your jaw also pains. There is this persistent throbbing in your mouth along with some swelling around the affected tooth.

This is one of the most common emergencies that require immediate attention of the dentist. The toothache may represent many problems and may require immediate action on your part and the dentist’s part also.

Heavy bleeding in your tooth

Bleeding after a vigorous brushing or after having chewed on hard food happens sometimes and it stops with a little ice pack or cold water gargles. But when the bleeding is severe and does not stop for a long time than it calls for an immediate visit to your dental care clinic. When you bleed after every flossing and brushing, it may be sign towards more serious concerns of the gum.

When the bleeding is accompanied by a smell or a swelling in the gums, it is inevitable that you make an immediate appointment to see your dentist, because it is an indication of gum disease. Gingivitis or gum disease is a serious condition and needs to be treated as soon as possible. When it is not treated on time, it leaves a point of no return for your teeth and you can never get back your teeth in the same condition as before.

Your dentist will take x rays and will examine the jaws and decide on a treatment plan after a detailed analysis of the state of the gums. If the gum disease is caught on early, there are greater chances of preventing further damage.

Sudden tooth loss due to accident or gum disease

Sudden loss of tooth after childhood is a cause of worry. In adulthood, teeth are grown and mature to be able to help you in the process of eating, as well as talking and having a great social life. If you find loose teeth, then there has to be reasons behind it. You get a tooth loosened if you find yourself involved in an accident, and get your tooth injured and fall off.

This is a very painful situation, and you must ask for immediate help from your dentist. If the tooth come loose in sports or accident, you must keep it intact and directly go to your dentist. You need to make sure that other teeth and your jaws are unharmed and are healthy. Also, if the tooth is kept in good condition, preferably in milk, it has better chances of getting replanted by your dentist.

Call your dentist who will instruct you about what to do till you reach his office. It depends on the injury of the tooth for the dentist to decide on the plan of further treatment.

Swelling of the jaw

This can indicate a serious sign of infection which could be a salivary gland infection. Swollen jaw, a bad taste that you experience in your mouth, breathing problems, trouble swallowing, fever etc. are reasons you should seek emergency dental assistance immediately. The infection is usually a bacterial in nature caused by a blockage in the glands that produce saliva.

Swelling in the mouth or cheek

Swelling usually indicates some kind of infection. Infections in the mouth are one of the life-threatening situations. When you find your face swollen it could be a result of swelling in the gums, cheeks or lymph nodes. It is very necessary that you consult your dentist as soon as you find swelling getting bigger with time.

When infection in the mouth is not treated in time, it can get into your bloodstream and you may end up with dire consequences. It is important to talk about how long have you experienced the swelling and where you think it is located. Sometimes the swelling causes your jaws to get locked. Ask the office to put you through to your dentist as soon as possible and once you see him let him decide the line of treatment for you.

A growth or a sore that worsens quickly

A sore that persists for a longer time than a few days, it is advisable to seek an appointment with your dentist even if it is still a few weeks away. A growth also is a cause for concern. It could be an indication for a malignancy in the mouth. A dentist can screen the growth and point out abnormalities which may have been unnoticed by the patient. It is preferable that your growth or sore is examined by the dentist as early as possible to rule out possible cancerous growth. Canker sores are a common occurrence, but when the sores become infected it is a cause of worry.

All you need to know about dental implants

Ad Min - Monday, August 17, 2020

Restorative treatment is what having dental implants is all about. Losing teeth is one of the major concerns people have. Teeth are lost due to old age, diseases and also due to accidents or trauma to the oral region. Those on long term medications also have reported concerns over tooth loss.

Replacing the lost tooth and giving back the smile and the confidence to go about in the daily activities is what this procedure does. Mimicking the natural teeth is what dental implants do, replacement teeth are placed on the position of the tooth that is lost.

Dental implants protect oral health and remove the fear of tooth decay or loss of oral health. This procedure is possible for those who are older and also those who are young. Lack of proper oral hygiene, consuming junk food and drinks, habits like smoking or tobacco use all contribute to tooth loss in young adults. When the tooth cannot be saved, they can be replaced using this treatment and is a lifesaver for many.

The procedure

Dentists decide on the procedure after doing a complete dental examination. Using X rays and direct examination, they obtain the correct picture of the affected position that would need dental implants. The main focus of the dental examination will be on the jaw bone. The reason being the jaw bone will be receiving the dental implant.

This procedure involves tooth extraction as sometimes it might still have the damaged teeth. After this procedure is done, time is allowed for the area to heal properly. If it is required, dentists might place a synthetic base to act as the base of the dental implant. If the jaw bone present is strong and can receive the implant then this procedure is not performed.

The implant is positioned into the jaw bone and over a few months time, it becomes fused with the bone. The dentist will cut open the jaw bone and drill holes to place the implant. The implants are made of titanium and this helps in being incorporated into the jaw bone. This serves as the root of the tooth. Time is allowed for the implant to fuse with the jaw bone, this can take several months. Only after it is healed can the rest of the process happen.

After this procedure, another small surgery is done to place the portion on which the crown of the tooth will be placed. This portion is called the abutment. It connects the root of the artificial tooth and the crown. A minor cut is done on the gum lining to place the abutment. This is done under local anaesthesia. Then healing needs to take place, this happens faster as it is a small procedure.

Next comes the procedure of placing the artificial tooth. An impression of the mouth and remaining teeth are taken to make artificial teeth. When the jaw bone is strong to receive the crown, then this procedure will be done. There are two different types available. Removable tooth- this comes with the surrounding gum. Partial and complete dentures are available as well. The artificial tooth along with the gum will be placed on the abutment. Another option available is the fixed tooth. As the name suggests, the tooth is fixed permanently into the individual abutment.

The main types of dental implants are Endosteal and Subperiosteal. The former dental implant is placed in the jaw bone. They are made of titanium for easy acceptance into the jaw bone and held in place with screws. The second type of dental implant is placed above or on the jaw bone. This is especially helpful for those who do not have strong jaw bones that can accept the implant.

Now that the procedure is complete and it is a surgery that has been performed, pain and discomfort will accompany. Medicines will be suggested by the dentist to help with the pain and antibiotics will be provided to check any infection that might happen. Minor bleeding and swelling of the gums/face will also be seen. It is important to check with the dentist if the swelling and pain do not subside within a few days.

Follow up care

Right after the procedure, care must be taken on the food consumed. Opting for soft food and drinks will help to reduce pain and discomfort. Hard and chewy food will put pressure on the teeth and can cause more pain. Reducing hot food immediately after the procedure will help, cold food is highly recommended. Taking care not to chew on the side that has the procedure will also help.

Continuing with good oral hygiene habits is important. Proper oral hygiene will help in faster healing as well. The tooth that has been replaced also needs to be cared for properly. Improper hygiene will create gum inflammation. This condition is similar to gum disease. The inflammation will be seen around the tooth in the gum lining and can be due to bacterial action on the surrounding tissues or more force applied while chewing. This is a serious dental concern and needs proper treatment from the dentist.

Proper brushing and flossing will help to remove any food debris that is stuck between the teeth. Unwanted bacterial action or plaque build-up can be stopped by this. It is important to make sure that the tongue is also cleaned routinely. Bacteria are also seen on the tongue and can bring in infections if not properly cared for.  Calcified deposits can also be seen surrounding the dental implants and will require special tools to remove them. If unchecked these can cause inflammation and infection of the gum lining. Infection can spread along the gum lining and oral health will be affected adversely.

Regular dental check-ups, preferably twice a year will help to stop any probable dental concern. Dentists can evaluate oral health and suggest measures to help promote oral and dental health. Taking care of food habits, reducing habits like smoking or tobacco consumption will help to improve oral health greatly.

How to Prevent and Treat Dental Erosion

Ad Min - Friday, July 31, 2020

What Is Dental Erosion?

Dental erosion is the wearing away of dental tissues, with the loss of the surface of the teeth due to the acids, not bacteria. This may be caused by acids produced in the body which affects the teeth due to reflux or vomiting, and with acids contained in the drinks like carbonated drinks and sports drinks.

Acids can melt and soften the crystals that make up our teeth and make them susceptible to be worn away with abrasion. This is also called acid wear.

Dental erosion is a serious condition for dental problems where dental hard tissues are lost due to acids which are produced inside or come from outside, called intrinsic or extrinsic reasons.

Not many studies have been carried out yet, to know the exact figures for prevalence of this condition but it is estimated that it is common all over the world, among adults and children.

Symptoms of Dental Erosion

When the surface of tooth gets eroded, it makes the tooth sensitive to cold and hot food and even when the atmosphere gets too cold o, the teeth can be sensitive to outside temperature and may cause discomfort.

In advanced condition of dental erosion, the enamel gets worn away and dentine gets exposed, showing yellow marks on the tooth surface. If a tooth decay has been treated and the tooth has a filling, this filling gets exposed due to dental erosion of the same tooth.

The cause of acids eating away or eroding the tooth material can be intrinsic or extrinsic.

Intrinsic causes of dental erosion

One of the functions of saliva which is produced in the mouth is to protect the teeth and mouth from the acidic attack that occurs in the normal course of day. Gastric juices are produced to digest the foods ingested by individuals. When these juices pass through oral canal very frequently in the form of reflux or vomiting, the saliva is unable to protect the teeth from these acids in the gastric juice. The juices get passed from the buffering system of saliva and star corroding the teeth. There are a number of ailments that causes gastric acids to reach teeth and damage them.

Gastro oesophageal reflux is one condition where stomach acids are regurgitated following heavy meals after overeating. If this happens occasionally, the saliva can take care of it. But if when gastric acids enter oral cavity during sleep, the saliva is not enough to control acidic activity on teeth and corrosion takes place, because in sleeping state, the lower molars are in in constant touch with acids. Obesity or pregnancy brings on pressure on abdomen which increases reflux activity in individuals.

Bulimia is another condition where individual opts to vomit the food taken to keep a desired weight. This ailment is common among females of 18 to 35 years of age. In this group of people who are suffering from bulimia, the dental erosion is found to be 90 percent. In bulimic people the front teeth get eroded first because gastric juices are forced through front teeth.

In chronic alcoholism the dental erosion occurs because of frequent vomiting and regurgitation. Front as well as back teeth are affected by chronic alcoholism.

Because of the weight of the foetus, the intra-abdominal pressure increases resulting in frequent reflux. But since this is not chronic, it does not result in serious erosion.

Extrinsic causes of dental erosion

These causes result from the lifestyle of individuals, and environmental or occupational factors that expose teeth to acids.

Acidic beverages are the most common outside reason for teeth erosion in US and many other developed countries. Sports drinks, fruit juices and aerated drinks have very low pH value which makes it a high-risk factor for dental erosion. A major chunk of dietary acids come from soft drinks which are very commonly consumed at meal times and between meals.

Individuals who work out a lot, get dehydrated and their saliva production is less than required. In such a case, the risk of erosion of teeth gets doubled.

Industrial or occupational risk
In an industry where airborne acidic particles are more, the factory workers are at an increased risk of getting teeth erosion. In swimming pools, where pH level is low, the workers get more erosion of teeth than normal.

Prevention of dental erosion

The most important factor that can be controlled by individual is lifestyle and dietary changes.

Dental erosion is irreversible so what dental health professionals can do at the most is to halt the process of erosion.

Milk and milk products have been found to protect teeth against erosion. Milk has phosphate and calcium content which helps in containing acids from eroding dental tissues. Fluoride treatment also helps in contain the process of erosion of teeth.

General guidelines for people with dental erosion

  • Avoid acidic beverages and holding them in mouth for long, so as not to bathe the teeth in the beverage.
  • Drink water and rinse mouth with water after having any drink.
  • Rinse mouth with soda bicarbonate after vomiting
  • Chewing gum increases saliva. Saliva helps in stopping acidic juices to work on teeth, by allowing you to swallow saliva while chewing along with acids in the mouth
  • Drink milk along with acidic meals and drinks to neutralize the acid in the drink.
  • Drink one glass of water before breakfast.
  • Avoid having drinks between meals.
  • Drink fruit juices with straw to avoid the teeth coming in contact with acids in the drink.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Acids make teeth softened so wait for an hour before brushing your teeth after and acidic or a heavy meal to stop erosion with toothbrush.
  • Even after vomiting wait for an hour before brushing your teeth.
  • Use tooth mousse before consuming acidic drink.
  • Fluoride toothpaste helps in strengthening teeth.
  • Seek medical advice for the ailments like bulimia and gastro intestinal disorder to stop erosion of teeth.

Regular visits to dentists will help in diagnosing and preventing dental erosion.

Which dental filling is suited for you?

Ad Min - Wednesday, July 22, 2020

Research has shown that cavities are seen in children and adults alike, untreated tooth decay leads the list in oral diseases round the globe. 60-90% of children and almost 95% or more of adults have tooth decay. Decay is seen in primary teeth as well as permanent teeth. Tooth decay often starts as cavities when the outer enamel gets eroded.

Food consumed stays in the mouth and teeth and they bring about bacterial action. Sugary food and drinks contribute to this more than other types of food. The sugar when acted on by the bacteria releases acid which removes the protective cover of the teeth. Weaker areas in the teeth then will see cavity formation in them.

Dental procedures are done to preserve the teeth. Extraction of teeth is done only when the decay is extensive and the teeth cannot be saved anymore. In the procedure, the dentist will remove the upper portion of the teeth. Through this opening they will clean out all the decay that is there in the inner pulp cavity of the teeth. Thorough cleaning of the interior of the teeth is done to remove the decayed portion. This area is then filled with dental fillings and the hardened using a special light to harden the filling. The teeth are saved from further damage and can function as before.

A wide variety of fillings are available to choose from. Materials are chosen depending on the oral health, the position of the teeth, the extent of decay and also the cost. Dentists will conduct an oral examination to determine which type of filling will be suited.

Gold fillings

Metal fillings are commonly used due to their durable nature. Gold fillings have been used by many, they easily last up to 10 plus years or more. They do not corrode and as they are sturdy they can withstand the strength of the chewing. It is expensive because of the metal used. It might require a few visits to the dentist. Some prefer this filling due to the metal used in the procedure.

Silver fillings

Another type of metal amalgam filling that is commonly used is silver fillings. Many prefer this type of filling, as they do not like the gold coloured filling. As a metal filling similar to gold, this can also withstand strength and is durable and often lasts longer than other types of fillings. When silver is chosen as the filling, dentists will need to remove healthy portions of the teeth to make space to hold this metal. Some experience a differ colour to the neighbouring teeth due to this silver amalgam filling. As it does not go along with the natural colour of the teeth, some reject it due to anaesthetics. It does not however cost as much as gold amalgam fillings.

Composite fillings

Tooth coloured fillings that is the advantage of having composite fillings. They match the colour of the natural teeth and are usually preferred when filling is to be done to the front or visible part of the teeth. They bond well to the teeth structure when applied and are cured using light to stay hardened on the teeth. They cost more than amalgam fillings. They are also less durable than other fillings as they are not made of sturdy materials like metal fillings. As they are less durable, they might need to be replaced. Extensive force or pressure on the teeth can lead to chipping off the composite filling.

Glass ionomer fillings

These types of fillings are usually recommended for children who still have teeth to fall off. The reasons are varied – this dental filling has a short life span, less than five years or so. Children have milk teeth falling off and permanent teeth taking the place, some they can use fillings that have a short life span. Besides this, another feature is fluoride. This filling produces fluoride another the cavity, thus offering extra protection to the teeth. Fluoride helps to fight away infection as well. That is one of the biggest advantages of using glass ionomer filling especially for children. This is applied as a tight paste on the cavity and offers protection from the outer environment. Teeth are sealed off from further decay due to this filling. When compared with composite filling this is less sturdy and also is not the exact colour of the natural teeth.

Ceramic fillings

Ceramic dental fillings are the most expensive of the different type of fillings. The main reason is the aesthetic value it provides and they are also long lasting. Compared with other fillings, ceramic filling offers high abrasive quality and also resists staining besides being similar in colour to natural teeth. It does not need to be replaced as composite filling as they are stronger, but that does not rule out them being brittle. Ceramic dental restorations are generally called Inlays and Onlays depending on where they are used. On the teeth as a protective layer or in between the teeth to cover the gap between the teeth.

Caring for dental fillings will help to make sure they last long. Brushing and cleaning of teeth should be done as before. This helps to make sure food debris does not stay on the tooth surface.

Reducing sugary food, opting for healthier options of food can help keep the teeth and filling safer for a longer time. Besides this, reducing food or products like tobacco that stain teeth can also help promote longer lasting teeth.

When consuming hot or cold food if teeth sensitivity is felt, it can be a chance of crack in the filling. It is highly recommended that this concern is checked with the dentist. Sometimes while eating, one can feel a roughness on the teeth – this can also be another sign that there is a crack or break in the tooth filling. When unsure, do not ignore the symptom check it with the dentist as soon as possible.

A Patient’s Guide to Wearing Dentures

Ad Min - Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Advancement in technology and medicine has brought a great many changes to dental health. The progress made has helped to develop modern and sophisticated dentures that are easy to wear and manage. Getting used to wearing dentures is much easier than before. But people have questions on dentures, how to wear them correctly, how to take care of them etc.

A Patient’s Guide to Wearing Dentures

Understanding Dentures

Before we move on, let us understand - what are dentures? They are artificial teeth. They are dental appliances used to replace natural teeth. Natural teeth are generally lost due to aging, but diseases like periodontal or far-reaching dental cavities also lead to loss of teeth.  Besides this, dental trauma due to accidents or genetic disorders also can result in teeth loss.

Dentures are usually prescribed by dentists when it is not possible to save the natural teeth. They help in preserving oral health by going for this procedure. There are different types of dentures – some are partial and some are complete dentures. Immediate dentures are also available at dental clinics, these are placed on the same day the teeth are removed. Dentures are made of acrylic, nylon or metal. Many opt for teeth that mimic natural teeth in colour and appearance so they do not feel awkward using them.

Placing dentures will require more than one or two visits to the dentist. The health of the gums is important while placing dentures, this is initially assessed by dentists during the first dental consultation. Treatment plans are decided after this assessment.

Some teeth might need to be removed before dentures are placed as they are not able to support them. Oral surgery is performed before dentures are placed. Proper healing of the gums is required before dentures can be placed. Some dentists will provide temporary dentures at this time, so the patient does not feel awkward with no teeth.

Gums will shrink when teeth are lost. Dentists will take impressions of the gums and dentures are made in the dental clinics to make an exact fit for the gums. Some adjustments would be needed to make sure they stay in place. Regular appointments need to be kept with the dentist to ensure the dentures are properly fitted. Partial or removable dentures are held in place with the help of natural teeth. The replacement teeth are fixed to anchors made of plastic or metal and they are attached to the natural teeth.

Wearing dentures will take some time to get used to. One might feel they are slipping off and it feels ‘unnatural’ while chewing food. Adhesives are available at the dental clinics. You can check with the dentist in case you feel the dentures are coming off easily. Some might feel soreness and irritation in the mouth. But all this will go away in a couple of weeks as one gets used to wearing them.

It’s important to keep in mind that it is better to stick to soft food when one is initially wearing dentures. Some feel their dentures are coming out when chewing. It takes time to adjust to new teeth and one has to be careful while chewing food. Once they are comfortable using dentures then can move on to other types of food. Getting used to wearing dentures varies from person to person, it is preferable to check with the dentist if one is having problems with using them.

Caring for Dentures

Like natural teeth, dentures also need utmost care. They need to be cleaned like natural teeth especially after consuming food. Food debris can stick on dentures, if you remove dentures and clean them then it must be done with utmost care. Tooth pastes should not be used to clean them, special cleaners are available for dentures. Using pastes will harm the dentures. Special brushes are also available in the market for cleaning dentures.

To enjoy durability for your dentures, they must be kept immersed in water especially at night. This will also give time for the gums to rest. Some dentists suggest wearing dentures at night initially but later on, it is considered safe to remove them.

Cleaning them should also be done carefully without exerting much pressure on them. Cleaning them under running water will help to clean away most of the food debris. Cleaning them with mild soap will help to preserve dentures in good condition. Hot water will damage them and dentures must never be cleaned with hot water. Improper cleaning can cause staining of dentures like natural teeth.

Besides cleaning teeth, tongue and gums should also be cleaned thoroughly. Soft bristled tooth brushes can be used to clean them. This will help to remove any bacteria or plaque build-up in them. These conditions are rare, but one can see them as white patches on the tongue. SO it is important to make sure the overall oral health is maintained.

Another issue that can crop up if dentures are not cleaned properly is halitosis or bad breath. Like natural teeth, bacterial build up can happen between teeth and cause bad breath. If you have partial dentures only, then this plaque build-up in the artificial teeth can spread to other remaining teeth and affect the dental health of the person as a whole.

While it is clear that dentures help to replace natural teeth when they are lost, they also help provide support in other ways. Losing teeth can result in a loss of clarity in speech. Speech can become unclear, many people feel less confident while conversing. Facial muscles also sag when teeth are lost.

Taking care of dentures will also be explained in dental clinics. Doubts and concerns must be discussed with the dentist. If the dentures are damaged, then the best is to make an appointment with the dentist for effective help. If dentures cannot be used due to damage, then it must be stored carefully, making sure to keep them moist always.

What is Cosmetic Dentistry?

Ad Min - Sunday, June 21, 2020

A specialised branch of dentistry that incorporates the aspect of looking good and significantly altering the appearance of people’s teeth is what Cosmetic dentistry does. Aesthetic or cosmetic dentistry changes people’s smile and gives them an immense boost of self-confidence. This dedicated dentistry helps people attain improvement of one’s look and also transform how they present themselves.

What is Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry services are not confined to only adults, children also undergo cosmetic dentistry procedures. The main type of service done is negligible and not full-fledged like those for adults. Children who suffer from trauma or accidents to the oral area would benefit from the procedures offered. Care is provided for immediate need and later more treatment options possible as they grow older is planned according to their needs.

Cosmetic dentistry and its varied treatment options are not just for aesthetic purposes but also as medical treatment options for dental concerns that are due to developmental or other deficiencies. These procedures help provide support to teeth and mouth tissues to perform their functions and also offer structural support.

Types of cosmetic dentistry

Based on the needs, there are different types of cosmetic dental procedures available. They are examined briefly.

1. Teeth Whitening

Cosmetic dentistry is widely known due to this dental procedure. Teeth whitening is done to remove stains and clean the teeth. Also known as bleaching, this helps to lighten the stains and make the teeth sparkle brighter. Lifestyle and food habits can cause teeth to lose their sparkle. Medications also are known to bring this effect to teeth. There are different products available for whitening in the market. Some can be bought over the counter as well, but for best results it is better to check with dentists. As some products would not be suited for everyone, seeking expert medical advice is recommended.

2. Dental Crowns

Crowns are placed over teeth to offer them good protection and enhance appearance. Teeth which are damaged or chipped or broken can be saved by this dental procedure. The teeth are prepared before the crowns are placed. This helps the dental crowns fit properly over the teeth. They are made of materials which mimic natural teeth in colour and can easily blend in. Some would have a gap between their teeth, dental crowns can also be placed in fill in these gaps and improve the appearance. These crowns can withstand the pressure that comes in with chewing food and if taken care can last long. Proper dental hygiene is important when taking care of dental appliances.

3. Dental Veneers

Another type of procedure is placing veneers. Dental veneers are custom made and are usually used to cover when there are damages to the front teeth. They are custom made and cover the visible portion of the teeth and are usually made of porcelain and using dental tools they are stuck on to the teeth. They are really thin and do not jut out when placed on the teeth.  Stains or cracks on the teeth can be covered up using this dental procedure. The shape of the teeth, colour and position of the teeth can be improved. Usually this procedure is completed in two to three visits – the time taken is for preparing the proper dental veneer for proper fitting.

4. Dental Implants

Not just improving the appearance of teeth, if teeth are lost – replacements are possible with dental implants. Teeth are lost due to decay, trauma to the mouth or accidents – cosmetic dentistry helps people recover their confidence by replacing lost teeth. This procedure involves dental surgery and is performed under anaesthesia. Support is placed on the jaw bones and the teeth are placed on them. They are surgically fixed on to the bone structure and provide strong anchorage to the teeth. Artificial teeth fixed are similar to the natural teeth and those who have done this procedure would not be conscious of having done this surgery.

5. Dental Bonding

Saving teeth can also be done by bonding. In this procedure, a resin is applied to the teeth that need treatment. It makes the teeth become stronger, brighter and not be lost to damage. Saving the teeth that are chipped or broken is done using bonding and is similar to placing veneers, a slight advantage is that bonding can be done much faster. The material that is similar to the teeth colour is chosen and bonded to the teeth and the procedure gets its name from this. These resins that are applied to the teeth to alter its appearance can absorb stains from smoking or tobacco, so these habits must be stopped.

6. Dental Fillings

Protecting a tooth that is decayed is possible through the dental filling. The decayed part of the teeth is removed by dentists using specialised tools. The decayed part in the interior of the teeth is completely removed. This portion of the teeth is then filled with filling. There are different types of filling to choose from. Gold, silver, amalgam and plastic fillings are available to choose from. Depending on the need and requirement of the person fillings are chosen. The latest that many choose is porcelain fillings. They match the colour of the teeth and are custom made.

Cosmetic dentistry helps improve oral health along with improved appearance. Correcting the bite that is not proper due to lost teeth and improved chewing ability of the teeth is possible through different cosmetic procedures. When gaps are filled or decayed teeth are replaced, the health of other teeth is also saved. This will help in proper chewing of food and also increased general health. Delay in seeking help from dentists can help save teeth and money in the long run. A proper and timely treatment can help to stop the damage from progressing. It might even need only a slight change in lifestyle to protect the teeth from damage. It is important that dental concerns are not brushed away and regular consultations with dentists are attended. This will help to promote and maintain good oral and overall health.

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