Dental Issues and Wisdom Teeth

Ad Min - Wednesday, June 26, 2019

Wisdom Teeth gets its unique name because it appears last. It is the last of the permanent teeth that erupt when a person grows into a young adult, when becoming mature and supposedly attaining wisdom. For some, this teeth comes out smoothly, but for some it turns out problematic. This usually happens when these molars do not have enough space to come out.

Dental Issues and Wisdom Teeth

Impacted wisdom tooth brings on more dental health concerns. Wisdom teeth cannot erupt and come out freely. Few reasons lead to this – one of the most common reasons that can be noticed is lack of space. As mentioned earlier wisdom teeth appear last, so space is taken up by other teeth. It can also happen when the teeth erupt at a particular angle, this can be straight up or down like normal teeth but can be trapped in the jaw bone.

Examining dental concerns and impacted wisdom teeth

Affecting other teeth - Lack of space in the mouth when wisdom teeth appear, pushes other teeth from their position. Teeth gets pushed from their original position. Alignment of teeth is lost and infection can set in that area as tissues get bruised. This would require the help of dentists to straighten the teeth and address the issue of overcrowding of teeth. The shape of the face can be changed, speech can be affected and also importantly self-confidence of the person due to crooked teeth.

Dental health - Closely linked to overcrowded teeth is the issue of dental health. This declines when teeth are affected. When there is overcrowding, it becomes difficult to clean teeth. Food gets trapped between teeth and it even the most rigorous cleaning practices will not be able to clean teeth properly.

Tooth Decay - Developing cavities and resulting tooth decay is also seen in those having impacted wisdom teeth. Overcrowding and infection can affect oral health. Infection can set in when bacteria acts on unclean teeth. Bacteria release acids which affect the protective dental enamel of teeth. If this goes unchecked, cavities can develop and this will result in decay of the teeth.

Gum Infection - Impacted teeth do not affect only the teeth, it also affects the gum lining. Infection can also be seen in the gum lining. The gums will be inflamed and red in colour due to infection. Pain can also be felt in the gums. These will work slowly on the gum tissues and affect their function. Proper support for the teeth from the gum tissues will lessen and this can also affect their position in the mouth.

Inflammation and Cysts - Another crucial dental concern that can be seen with impacted wisdom teeth is painful cysts developing. The wisdom teeth will develop within a sac in the jaw bone. This sac will be filled with fluid and this can affect dental health. Extensive damage can happen to the jawbone, teeth, nerves and gums. Tumour developing from this sac is also a serious complication this will require surgical removal.

Stiffness in Jaw bone - Jaw bones also get affected when there is an impacted wisdom teeth. Teeth are pushed against each other and move from their position. This puts more pressure on the jaw bone. Stiffness in the jaws, pain and discomfort is felt because of this. Difficulty in opening mouth, chewing and speech can all be affected due to this. Few also have sinus problems due to this. When wisdom tooth is getting ready to erupt it will push against the sinuses. Pain and headache also appear due to this issue.

Teeth ache and difficulty in consuming food is one of the common signs noticed associated with wisdom teeth. It is important that pain experienced is not brushed off as something normal and allow more complications to develop against oral health. Consulting with a dentist at least twice a year on a normal basis is important. Consulting dentists when toothache builds up and affects your day to day functions is essential. Many dental problems can be healed easily if help is sought when they appear.

Treating the problem

Dentists will use different tools and technology to understand the real nature of the problem. X rays and scans are done to get the real picture. It also helps to know if other teeth are affected due to wisdom teeth. Once the dentist determines the course of treatment, this is discussed with the patient and a treatment plan is created.

Problematic wisdom teeth are removed through surgery. This is conducted under local anaesthesia. If the teeth are impacted – stuck in the jaw bone, then the bone needs to be cut and then removed. The teeth will be extracted from its socket. The area of dental surgery is then stitched. Some stitches are self-dissolving ones while some others need to be removed.

Bleeding after surgery will be seen. This is normal, but if it doesn’t stop then there is a need to see the dentist. Benefits of removal wisdom teeth is the cessation of the toothache. Pressure applied to other teeth and jaw bone will be lesser and finally stop. Overcrowding of teeth will not evident and it becomes easy to achieve good oral health.

It is important to follow good dietary habits and also put an end to certain habits like smoking. Smoking will affect the healing process. Reducing spicy food and the use of tobacco immediately after surgery is important to speed up the recovery. Usually complete healing will happen in three to four weeks’ time.

Following regular cleaning practices brushing and flossing is important. If proper care is not given to oral health then tooth decay and infection in gums tissues can develop. The basis of good oral health is cleanliness. Having a discussion with dentists and seeking guidance on proper dental health and maintenance will be helpful.

Australasia Programme Gifted & Talented Study Day - Edgecliff, NSW, 22 May

Ad Min - Wednesday, May 15, 2019

Nature v/s Nurture  is a debate going on since we became aware of inherited and acquired qualities in human beings as they grow from an invisible cell to full-fledged human adults.

On this Study Day the experts on the inherited abilities and acquired abilities are going to discuss and show how all achievements are not a result of your innate abilities. The factors that contribute to turn high intelligence into high achievements are under our control and it is possible to master the art of achieving given the required intelligence.

Organised by the Academy Conferences Gifted & Talented , It is going to be a fascinating session with a lot of interaction and discussion to examine the proofs of intelligence and other contributing factors that produce high achiever.

It is an opportunity for schools to introduce their gifted students and their corresponding staff to learn about important factors that produce outstanding performance on the part of students and teachers.

Parents who know, or who have a feeling that their child is gifted, may also gain an insight into how to gear their child towards high achievement in life.

The aim of this study day is help students to

  1. Improve on their thinking skills, by thinking creatively
  2. Help them identify what is fundamental and what is trivial
  3. Distinguish between good and bad arguments
  4. Think systematically about relevant issues concerning modern life

Booking places for the conference

Fees: $AUD 45.00.

One free staff member for every 12 students allowed for school bookings

Staff who attends for professional development is given special reduction fees, from $ 195 to $95.

Parents can attend the conference at normal student fees.

Unaccompanied students are not accommodated.

Date: 22 May 2019-05-11

Venue: Ascham School, 188, New South Head Rd, Edgecliff  NSW 2027
Sydney, Australia.

Edgecliff is very well connected by bus and by train, from Sydney airport.

What to do when your dental fillings fall out

Ad Min - Wednesday, May 08, 2019

Dental fillings are used to help treat cavities and stop the decay from advancing to other parts of the teeth.

What to do when your dental fillings fall out

Why do you need dental filling?

Teeth are mainly composed of calcium besides many other elements. When the body is deficient in calcium, the teeth becomes cavity prone.

Improper brushing and flossing results in food particles or sticky foods remain in contact with the teeth for long periods of time which causes bacteria to eat away the food on your teeth. This releases toxins and acids which dissolve the teeth enamel causing the teeth to lose its bright white colour and looking yellow or brown, or even black. If not treated, the tooth will decay and produce a cavity.

What is dental filling?

Dental filling is the substance that is filled in the cavity created by dental decay. The dentist has to remove the decayed part of the tooth. The part that the decay occupied has to be refilled with a suitable substance.

Fillings are used for other dental problems too. Teeth sometimes break for various reasons including accidents apart from decay for which fillings are needed. Many kinds of cracks in the teeth are also repaired with fillings. Nail biting or teeth grinding are also reasons for which fillings have to be used.

How are fillings inserted into the cavity?

The whole procedure of putting fillings in the cavity depends on many factors.

First of all, the dentist will ascertain the extent of decay. The amount of decay and the area where the decay has occurred will decide what and how much filling is required to treat the tooth. The dentist will have to remove the decay and clean the cavity of bacteria and debris. Sometimes, the dentist will put in a liner made of resin or glass ionomer to protect the root, if the cavity is very close to the root. Usually local anaesthetic is used to numb the area around the decayed tooth. Specific instruments are used to remove the decay based on the training of the dentist as well as the amount of decay to be removed and the location of the decayed tooth.

After the removal of the decay, the filling material which matches in colour with your teeth, is applied in layers. The filling material is then hardened with a light layer after layer. After the completion of the layering, the dentist will trim and polish the filling to align with the tooth.

There are multiple choices of filling material available to us today. Gold, porcelain, silver amalgam, plastic, and glass material are among fillings that can be used according to the requirement of individual. The choice of material depends on the cost, the location of the decay, and the dentist’s preference among other things.

After the dentist fills out the cavities, the tooth becomes as good as normal, allowing eating and chewing normally. There is no pain or sensitivity after the filling. The fillings are almost permanent if taken proper care like regular brushing and flossing.

Reasons for dental fillings to fall out

  • When new cavity develops in or around the filling, it becomes loose and falls out.
  • When cavity develops under the filling, without a solid surface to rest on, the filling falls out.
  • Not enough bonding has occurred between the filling with the tooth, after placing the filling in the tooth.
  • Vigorous flossing - the filling that is not fixed properly sometimes fall out with flossing.
  • Strain on the teeth - the mouth is used almost constantly, in changing temperatures like hot coffee and tea and ice cold drinks.  Chewing is a strenuous exercise for the teeth.
  • Even with cleaning the tooth decay sometimes, the decay occurs underneath the filling.
  • Natural wear and tear. Like everything under the sun, the filling also experiences wear and tear.

Due to these reasons, sometimes fillings get loosened and fall out. When this happens it is painful, because the tooth tissue gets exposed and get sensitive to pressure.

The signs of fillings falling out

Increased sensitivity to hot and cold foods, sudden pain in the tooth, sudden realization of a crack or a hole in the tooth and a feeling of a hard substance in the moth.

What to do when your dental filling falls out

It is quite a shocking experience when your filling falls out, but it is not considered an emergency. But it has to be addressed quickly as soon as possible.

But after the initial shock, do not panic. Stay calm. Remember this is common. And treatment options are available.

The first thing you should do is to call your dentist, and arrange for an early appointment.

Before doing anything else with the mouth, carefully take out the displaced filling.

Keep the area clean, by flossing and brushing, even though it will be painful. It is needed to prevent further decay and infection.

Avoid chewing from the side where the filling has fallen out.

If the sensitivity to air is painful then you may fill the cavity temporarily with a sugar-free chewing gum or dental cement so that your tooth tissue is not fully exposed and it will give you temporary relief till you see the dentist.

You can apply clove oil to numb your tooth and surrounding area to lessen the pain, after cleaning and gently brushing the area from where the filling has fallen out. Clove oil lessens some discomfort.

Salt water rinse also helps prevent pain and keep the area clean.

You can take over the counter pain relief medication to relieve the pain.

When you are getting the fillings put on, you can ask your dentist about what to do if your filling comes undone again some other day.

Just go in for the appointment and your filling will be put back in place. Remember not to ignore the filling falling out because the hollow area will be more susceptible to decay. Stay calm and get it fixed at your dental clinic at the earliest.

Can Porcelain Veneers Fall Off and What To Do If They Do

Ad Min - Friday, April 05, 2019

Porcelain veneers are a decorative dental treatment for people who want a beautiful smile. This service is provided by many dental clinics which are into Cosmetic dentistry all over the world.

Can Porcelain Veneers Fall Off

So what is cosmetic dentistry?

Basically anything that requires a dentist to work on your teeth to make them look beautiful and to produce an appealing smile is called cosmetic dentistry. Cosmetic dentistry is a kind of treatment which is used to make the face beautiful by engaging in various dental procedures which are available today thanks to tremendous progress the dental industry has made. People who keep a high profile lifestyle, usually opt for cosmetic dentistry more, but it is not limited to a certain class of people. There are many such procedures available to make your smile attractive. Porcelain veneers is one such procedure.

What are porcelain veneers?

Porcelain veneers are very thin sheet of ceramic porcelain (different from regular ceramic, consisting of medical grade porcelain), which are attached to front of the teeth. It is one of the most prevalent techniques in dental cosmetology, offered to people who have teeth which are crooked, uneven, or stained. These thin medical grade porcelain shell is constructed carefully according the shape and colour of the tooth on which it will be bonded. These veneers mimic the original tooth perfectly. The best part about veneers is that they can be perfectly customised, hence look most natural.

How long will porcelain veneers last?

Porcelain veneers can last for a life time. On an average it can be safely said that porcelain veneers will last for 10 years minimum. As the porcelain bonding becomes stronger, it can last for a long time. But like everything else, they are susceptible to harm.

Can porcelain veneers fall off?

Yes. It can. On an average the ratio of falling of porcelain veneers is minimal compared to its success, still, it cannot be denied that they may fall off or break down in some cases, for a variety of reasons.

Porcelain veneers are attached to the original tooth following a long procedure. The patient has to be examined and treated for tooth decay root canal teeth cleaning etc. Then the option of fitting the teeth with porcelain veneers is discussed at length and a decision is taken if the veneers are the best option according to its need and cost. The dentist has to take the proper measurements and the order for veneers is placed in the laboratory which will make them according to customization request made by the dentist. The customization will be done according the need of the patient, for chipped or uneven teeth or for stained teeth. The customised veneers are applied to the teeth which have been shaved a little to make place for the veneer. The veneers will take some time to get bonded to the teeth with a special chemical so that bonding is strong and everlasting. When so much background work has been carried out to fix the veneers, there is a minimal chance of them to fall off.

But as things go, on a few occasions porcelain veneers also break or fall off due to a variety of reasons.

The main reasons for breaking and falling off porcelain veneers are many.

The common reasons are as follows.

  • Damage to the frontal face, Habit of grinding teeth, Tooth decay behind the veneer, Eating very hard foods like ice or candy and sugary sticky foods regularly. 
  • When there is a strong impact on your face, the teeth takes the brunt, it may cause the porcelain veneers to loosen from the bond it has with the original teeth. Damage to the face has a natural consequence of teeth taking some of the damage. 
  • Many people have a nervous habit of grinding teeth when they are angry or upset. This habit may lead to loosen up the veneers from the bond that attaches them to the original teeth and may cause a falloff the veneers. 
  • Sometimes the tooth decays and the decay causes the chemical in the bond to loosen making the porcelain veneers detaching from the tooth and fall off.  
  • Ice is one of the hardest food to bite into. If you keep biting onto hard foods like ice, and candy, it will cause the veneers either to break or loosen up and fall.  
  • Similarly, sticky foods like candy and sugary sweets stick to the teeth and are difficult to remove, causing veneers to lose contact with the original tooth.

For whatever reason if a porcelain veneer breaks, or chips or falls down, what is one to do?

In almost all cases, the dentist takes great care in checking the status of the teeth before doing work on the teeth for veneers, because to apply the veneer in the front of the teeth, the dentist has to shave off a little layer of enamel on the teeth. Once the enamel is scraped, it cannot grow again. Therefore, utmost care is taken before the veneers are fixed on teeth. So, what you should do in the unlikely event of the veneer breaking or falling off is to keep them safe, and call the dentist immediately. It is vital that you get an appointment with the dentist within a day or two of the event. In many cases, the dentist will be able to reapply the veneer which has come off with little difficulty. But in the event that the veneer is broken beyond repair, then the dentist will order a new veneer and during the time the veneer gets ready, he will apply a temporary treatment till the broken piece is replaced with a new one.

You should never try to glue back the fallen off veneer yourself. If you feel very embarrassed by the look of your teeth, than use drugstore glue to stick it back on the teeth till you see your dentist which should be in a day or two of the mishap.

Painting exhibition at Edgecliff, NSW from 4-16 April 2019

Ad Min - Monday, April 01, 2019

The Thienny Lee Art Gallery opened in 2017 striving to promote and encourage new talent and also to providing space to established artists. It hosts contemporary works from local and also international artists. The art that is exhibited spans through various media for artists and for connoisseurs of art both.

Event: The First Element: Ignite by Neelum Nand

Dates: 4 April - 16 April

Venue: Thienny Lee Gallery, 176 New South Head Road, Edgecliff , NSW 2027

Thienny Lee is a Malaysia born artist having association with contemporary art in Southeast Asia. Besides being an artist herself, she is also an Asian art historian, having a masters degree in Asian art and archaeology from University of London. She also has earned a PhD from University of Sydney in 2016. Her rock solid background of theory and practice in art is visible in the gallery’s Annual Exhibitions, which are full of innovative ideas. Thienny Lee art Gallery is an attempt to reconcile cultural variations in western and Asian art.

Neelam Nund’s The First Element: Ignite explores the relationship between metaphysical and physical worlds. The paintings are in the style of abstract-expressionistic, that converge on the element of fire. Fire embodies power, hate, anger and love, and creativity. The paintings reflects chaos and unyielding universe which is represented by fire as a symbol.

The exhibition is being held in Thienny Lee Gallery, 176 New South Head Road, Edgecliff, NSW 2027.

The Thienny Lee art Gallery is situated in Edgecliff, one of the suburbs of Sydney. The distance between the Kingsford Smith International airport to Edgecliff is 6 miles in northeast.

The exhibition will be on from 4the April to 16th April. The opening reception will take place in the evening on 4th April between 6 to 8pm. Melissa Thomas, CEO Aspen Film Corporation, Los Angeles, will open the exhibition.

Bus is very convenient mode of transport to get here. Bus 326,327, and 328 stop at station Edgecliff.

Car parking facility is available at the Edgecliff centre which is at the station. For fast drop off for collection 30 minutes parking is available in front of the gallery.

Here is how Neelam Nund describes her paintings:

“Ancient philosophy states that all matter is composed of five elements. Inspired by the miracles of child birth, my series is a spiritual journey that attempts to understand these life forces that shape us. In understanding the divine, our modern sophistication has lost the key understanding of spiritual energy. Perhaps with this knowledge, we may come closer to a universal truth.” – Neelum Nand

Is It Safe To Undergo Teeth Whitening While Breast-Feeding?

Ad Min - Thursday, March 07, 2019

Teeth whitening is a procedure which removes the stains of the teeth and makes them whiter. Teeth whiteners are used to give a brighter smile.

Teeth Whitening While Breast-Feeding

Each tooth is made up of a hard outer layer called enamel and an inner layer called dentine. The outer layer protects the teeth from the onslaught of food particles and chemicals and bacteria that are already present in the mouth which feed on the food that gets stuck on the outer layer. This process results in another layer called pellicle film that forms over enamel. The foreign material in the film gets into the enamel layer over the years, because enamel is porous, hence the teeth get stained.

Many people find these stains unattractive. To remove these stains teeth whiteners are used popularly by most individuals.

How do teeth whiteners work?

Teeth whiteners are bleaching agents basically. Most teeth whiteners use bleaching chemicals which are peroxide based. These chemicals start a chemical reaction which results in breakdown of staining compounds. Teeth whitening can be done at home or in the office of the dentist. The dentist usually use stronger chemical than what we get over the counter.

What constitutes breast milk?

Breast milk is the best food for your infant. It changes according to the changing needs of the baby over days and months,  and nothing could be better for the baby than the breastmilk that his/her mother provides. It has all the basic food groups’ essential nutrients, like fat, carbohydrates, protein and water, in addition to minerals and vitamins required by the baby’s growth needs.

The breast milk has millions of live cells including white blood cells, stem cells, and other cells to build immunity.  It has protein to boost baby’s growth and development. Breast milk contains more than many kinds of amino acids, the building blocks of bones and muscles. These amino acids include nucleotides which increase at night to induce sleep in the baby at night.

It also has more than hundred types of complex sugars which act as pre biotic. These probiotics feed good bacteria in the baby’s gut to digest the milk easily. It also has enzymes which speed up chemical reactions in the body. Breastmilk contains hormones which help the baby’s system organs and tissues to work in coordination with each other. It also contains antibodies to protect the baby from illnesses.

Which substances can pass into breast milk?

The breast milk is produced in the mammary glands and the glands take all the nutrients and chemicals that are required from the mothers body. A lactating mother has to be very careful about what she eats and what chemical compounds she comes into contact with. As we know the milk is produced in the mother’s body with whatever the mammary glands take, and whatever is available. There are certain substances that pass onto the baby through breast feed. Caffeine, Alcohol, nicotine, drugs which are banned, and certain medications are known to pass through mother’s digestive system to breast feeding baby.

Can a lactating mother opt for teeth whitening treatment?

Usually the chemicals which are used in teeth whitening do not pass on to the breast milk. Ultraviolet lights which are used in the dentist’s office, if you choose to get your teeth whitened in a dentist’s office, does not affect breast milk, or breast milk production.

When the breast feeding mother whitens her teeth at home, the amount of chemicals on the strip that she swallows will be negligible to be absorbed by the blood stream, and thus it may not reach the breast milk.

As a safeguard, dentists usually ask pregnant women to wait till the baby is delivered for any dental work unless it is an emergency. Going by the same rule, the lactating woman also wonders whether what is not safe during pregnancy is safe now? There are no conclusive findings but opinions are divided. Many dentists feel that there is no harm in going for teeth whitening during breast feeding months because the chemical that is used in teeth whitening is peroxide and it is in such a small amount that it will not have any ill effect on the baby’s system.

The active ingredient carbamide peroxide is made of water with an extra atom f oxygen. It should be kept in mind that too much peroxide on gums causes topical irritation.  Even when it touches the gums in minimal proportion, it will be metabolized in no time. Some mothers prefer to use whitening tooth pastes which again are should not be used over the limit.

Some dentists believe that the sedatives taken during treatment at the dentist are also a minimal risk for it to pass in the breastmilk, because it gets disseminated quickly. There is a lack of enough research to conclusively prove that teeth whitening during lactation are harmful for the mother and the baby. But by the same theory some doctors advise to wait till after lactation to go for teeth whitening - better safe than sorry.

When teeth whitening is done in the office, a whitening gel which is hydrogen peroxide as a solution is directly applied to the teeth. Then LED light is applied so that hydrogen peroxide quickly breaks down and releases free radicals. These then help in removing teeth stains thereby giving whiter teeth to the patient.

During this procedure, and similar procedures for teeth whitening, a little peroxide does get swallowed and gets into the blood stream. It is argued by many doctors to pay heed before embarking on the journey of teeth whitening. After all teeth whitening is not an emergency that a mother would want to risk her baby’s health for.

In conclusion we can say that although a good pearly smile is important to drive away the post partum depression, no mother may like to risk baby’s well-being for it. To be on the safe side, it may be best to wait till after the baby is weaned. Teeth whitening is not an emergency after all.

Tooth Extractions And Procedures

Ad Min - Monday, January 21, 2019

Tooth extraction does not happen only when one is growing up. Teeth are pulled out during adolescent years as milk teeth fall out or they need to be extracted so permanent teeth can take their position. This process is definitely needed in adult life as well – teeth may need to be extracted for a variety of reasons – wisdom tooth removal, tooth decay and overcrowded teeth etc. are some of the reasons that warrant tooth extraction.

Tooth Extractions And Procedures

Tooth extraction is done for both children and adults. For children usually extraction is done when orthodontic treatment is planned. Some would have many teeth for the size of the jaw structure they have. Then teeth need to be pulled out to have corrected and properly aligned teeth. This is also done for adults. Some children might also not have baby teeth in its correct position. If this happens, then permanent teeth will not come out in its proper position – for this reason also, extraction is carried out.

Children engage in contact sports and this can lead to teeth being chipped or broken – then if teeth cannot be saved or it causes damage to the remaining teeth – then extraction is recommended by dentists. Adults also experience chips in their teeth – this can be due to engaging in contact sports or when one bites on hard food like nuts. The pressure experienced can create cracks in the teeth, if this makes the teeth damaged beyond repair then teeth extraction is suggested.

Understanding tooth extraction

Extraction is done in people who wear corrective braces – in this procedure the braces correct and align the teeth to their exact position. This would result in teeth being pushed back. If there is not enough space in the mouth, then dentists would recommend removing one or two teeth.

Tooth decay also results in removing the damaged teeth from its socket. If left untreated, the infection or decay can spread to the neighbouring teeth or the gums. This can lead to the gum structure being affected and initiate gum diseases. Bad breath, change in the jaw bone structure can also result if tooth decay is left unattended.

Impacted teeth is another reason why tooth extraction needs to be done. In some cases, the tooth is unable to break out or come out from its place and it continues to remain in the gums. In this situation, the dentist will definitely recommend tooth extraction in this case. Besides the above reasons, tooth extraction is also carried out after an accident or sports injury. Extraction is conducted as the last resort and is done to preserve dental health.

Procedure for extraction

Tooth extraction is assumed to be simple extraction or surgical extraction according to the process it is carried out. A simple extraction is conducted under local anaesthesia – where only the areas surrounding the tooth that is extracted is made numb. The procedure does not take much time.

In surgical extraction – the process is a bit more complex. It might be carried out under anaesthesia – general or intravenous anaesthesia is administered depending on the procedure. The tooth is removed after the gum is cut, this usually happens in the case of wisdom tooth which is impacted. Sometimes, the bone tissue might also need to be cut to extract the tooth.

After the tooth is extracted, there would be blood clot formed in the area. Dentists will provide a gauze to be placed in the area to stop further bleeding. Or, in other cases, they might place stitches for the wound to heal.

Precautions after extraction

Tooth extraction will cause pain and discomfort for a few days. Dentists will prescribe pain killers to tide over the pain. Applying an ice pack over the swelling on the cheek helps to reduce the swelling. Care should be taken while consuming food – using straws for the first 24 hours should be avoided. Using straws will put pressure on the wound area – the clot that is formed in the extraction area will loosen and slow down the healing process. Taking soft food will help and will also not put any strain in the area.

While resting, take care to put the head at an elevated position. This will help the wound to heal faster. Brushing should be done carefully as it can irritate the area where extraction has happened. Smoking also should be avoided until the wound is healed. Rinsing the mouth with tepid salt water will greatly help in soothing the area and help in faster healing.

The teeth that are next to the teeth extracted might experience teeth sensitivity. This will last only for a few days and will fade away. As anaesthesia is given for the treatment, the oral region would feel numb for few hours or a few days depending on which anaesthesia was given. Care must be taken when hot food is consumed during this time as that area might get burn and it might not be felt as the area is numb.
Brushing and flossing should be continued as normal, remember to avoid the area where extraction took place. Pain is normal after extraction, this will subside after few hours. If it does not then it is important that medical help from the dentist is sought. Healing will take some time for the tissues to grow and become as before.

If extraction is carried out for children, then it is important that parents give extra care to the child till the effect from anaesthesia wears off. Taking care of the food consumed by them should also be monitored. While brushing and flossing, parents should help the children to make sure they do not put extra pressure on the area where teeth extraction has been carried.

Checking with the dentists on all the precautions to be taken after teeth extraction should be done during dental consultations. If there are any doubts or concerns regarding the process or if medicines are consumed for any health conditions – all this should be informed to the dentists during the consultations.

Dental X-Rays - Are They Safe?

Ad Min - Tuesday, January 01, 2019

When you go to a dentist, you may sometimes be asked to take a dental x-ray so that the condition of your teeth and gums can be assessed. Dental x-rays are very common as a diagnostic procedure and they are considered very safe. Modern digital dental x-rays are extremely safe because they have very low doses of radiation. Compared to the amount of radiation that you would be exposed to another imaging procedures, dental x-rays produce only very limited doses of radiation.

If your dentist has asked you to take a dental x-ray and you are worried about whether it is safe and whether you should follow the procedure because of some other conditions such as pregnancy, it can help to understand what dental x-rays really are the reasons why an x-ray is prescribed, and how they are usually handled.

X-rays are generally performed with safety precautions in place. So there is absolutely no reason for you to worry. If you want to do a routine dental examination with four bite-wing x-rays, you will not be exposed to more radiation then what you would experience during a two hour aeroplane ride.

When do you need a dental x-ray?

A dental x-ray is usually suggested by a dentist for diagnostic reason. They help dentist see all the dental problems very clearly. Some issues that are invisible to the naked eye can be revealed using x-rays. When a patient receives dental x-rays, it allows the dentist to see the following.

  • Is there bone loss which may have been caused by gum disease?
  • Which are the areas of tooth decay? Is there a decay between teeth or under an existing filling?
  • Are there any abscesses or infections that are present at the root of the tooth?
  • Are there any signs of tumours or cancers?
  • Has an infection progressed to such a stage as to require root canal procedure?

Without a dental x-ray, your healthcare provider may not be able to diagnose many of these problems. With an x-ray, the dentist is well equipped to really understand what is going on with the teeth, and they can also prepare dental implants, braces, dentures, and other dental accessories to perfectly fit your teeth and mouth.

What is a child needs a dental x-ray?

If you have a child who needs a dental x-ray, it is only natural to be concerned. Children are more sensitive to radiation than adults. However, there is absolutely no reason to worry. The amount of radiation emitted during the dental x-ray is still within the safe limits even for a child.

The jaws and the teeth of a child are constantly undergoing changes. Therefore, it is very important to keep a close watch on how the teeth and jaw are developing. X-rays are very important for diagnosing dental conditions accurately in young patients. A dental x-ray can help the dentist understand the following:

  • It can help the dentist ensure that the mouth of the child is large enough to accommodate all the new teeth that are coming in
  • It can help monitor the wisdom tooth that is coming in, and take adequate precautions if it is likely to cause problems
  • A dental x-ray will help understand weather the milk teeth is giving way to the permanent teeth
  • A dental x-ray will also help identify gum diseases and tooth decay at the earliest stage

Should you get a dental x-ray during pregnancy?

If you are pregnant, that is one condition where it is generally advisable to avoid all sorts of x-rays including dental x-ray. Even though the radiation is very minimal, it may be best to avoid exposure to any type of x-rays to ensure the health of the foetus. If you are pregnant, make sure that you inform your dental practitioner about this because it will help them modify the diagnostic and treatment options based on this information.

There may be some instances where pregnant women are still advised to get dental x-rays. If there is some dental emergency, you may need to get an x-ray. If there is some concern that outweighs the slight risk of a dental x-ray, then it is advisable to get an x-ray which will aid in proper diagnosis and treatment.

Also remember that women who have poor gum health have higher risk of adverse outcomes in pregnancy. Therefore, it is extremely important that you take care of your dental health throughout your pregnancy.

If at all you need an x-ray during the pregnancy, your dental practitioners will take or precautions possible. A thyroid collar and the lead apron will be used during the x-ray.

Safety precautions

There are many safety precautions that you can take to minimise the risk of x-rays. Speak to your dentist about whether she can use the lowest radiation setting possible especially if the x-ray is for children. If you are worried about exposing certain parts of your body certain parts of your body from to radiation, ask about lead aprons that can be draped over the body.

Get x-rays done only when it is absolutely necessary. There is no schedule or routine to follow for dental x-rays, it is done only when it is necessary. It is best to leave the decision to your dentist.

Dental x-rays are considered very safe. However, it is wise to remember that any x-ray procedure exposes you to a certain amount of radiation, and therefore you should be careful not to undergo an x-ray without adequate reason. Sometimes, you can provide exercise from my previous dentist to your new dentist in order to minimise the need for taking new x-rays.

10 Reasons To Not Skip Your Half-Yearly Dental Appointments

Ad Min - Monday, November 05, 2018

Not many people like going to the dentist, it is understandable, but if you keep your half yearly dental appointments, your setting yourself up for poor oral and physical health. Good dental hygiene and healthy gums is not only the foundation of a healthy mouth, but also of a healthy body as well. In this article, we will look at the top 10 reasons why you need to visit your dental clinic at least once every six months for a regular dental check up.

1. Preventing bad breath: Bad breath is usually caused by dental problems. It could be as simple as food debris being stuck on or in between the teeth, especially in hard-to-reach places point during the routine dental cleaning and scaling, your dental hygienist will be able to reach even the places in your mouth that you will not be able to clean on your own. By getting rid of food debris collected on the surface of the teeth, you can get rid of bad breath as well. When the bacteria colonize beneath the gum line, only a dental professional will be able to do the cleaning that is sufficient to dislodge the bacteria. Persistent bad breath may also be caused due to other illnesses, and the half yearly dental visit is an excellent opportunity to find out.

2. Preventing gum diseases: Gum diseases can lead to a lot of discomfort, painful gums, bleeding while brushing and flossing, bad breath, and even loose teeth. If you have painful, sore, red, or bleeding gums you have to get in touch with your dental clinic immediately. During a dental visit comma your dentist will be able to spot gum diseases in early stages even before it starts showing its symptoms. Gum diseases can not only be treated completely, but even be reversed provided it is caught in the early stages. Your dentist will also be able to advise you on a better oral hygiene regime that you can follow at home in order to help your gum health.

3. Prevent other diseases of the body: Research has conclusively shown that poor oral hygiene has a direct connection and impact on several other diseases of the body as well. People who have poor oral health are highly likely to develop several diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and even respiratory issues. By taking care of your mouth, you are essentially taking care of your whole body. This is one reason why you must ensure that your half yearly visit to the dentist is not skipped at all.

4. A more attractive and whiter smile: Teeth can look dull and lifeless due to several reasons, but most commonly due to external staining. If you are in the habit of smoking or drinking wine, tea, or other strongly coloured food items, it can take the teeth and make it look dull and dark. During a routine dental examination, your dental hygienist will clean your teeth which may get rid of these stains to a considerable extent. Such external stains can be quite persistent, and you may not be able to remove them just by brushing alone. At the dental clinic, there are many ways to remove the stains to bring back the natural colour of your teeth.

5. Preventing oral cancer: During a dental hygiene appointment, your dentist will also be looking at signs of oral cancer. Many people find out they have cancer in the mouth only when it is too late because the mouth is the last thing that you look into, so you miss the signs. During the dental appointment, if there are signs of oral cancer, your dentist will advise you to undergo further tests. The good thing is that oral cancer is completely curable provided you catch it early. Some of the risk factors of oral cancer include HPV infection, smoking, chewing tobacco etc.

6. To prevent tooth loss: Many people think that losing teeth is a natural part of the aging process. However, this is far from the truth. What causes age related tooth loss is not the age itself, but other dental problems. Gum disease is one of the most common reasons why adult patients lose teeth. Gum diseases when left untreated, can affect the root of the tooth and cause it to become loose. Sometimes they even fall out on their own. During the dental appointment, one of the top priorities is to spot and treat gum diseases, so it does not lead to loss of teeth.

7. Cleaning hard-to-reach areas: Some people think that because they have excellent oral hygiene, they do not need to see the dentist once every 6 months. While it is true that people with good oral hygiene will have less dental problems, it is still important to visit a dental hygienist every 6 months. It doesn't matter how well you are able to brush your teeth and floss, there will still be part of your mouth that is not possible for you to reach on your own. These parts, especially in the back of your mouth, can be cleaned thoroughly only using special tools that have the required reach.

8. Improving confidence: When your mouth feels clean, it also improves your confidence and self-esteem. If you have a white stain-free smile, you will be able to be yourself in social situations and interact with people without feeling self-conscious at all. When you know that you do not have bad breath, you will also feel more comfortable talking to people and even getting very close to them when the situation demands it. You also feel good and confident about the fact that you are taking care of your mouth, and therefore your overall physical health and wellbeing.

9. Detecting other dental issues: Even if you are visiting your dental clinic for just a simple cleaning, your hygienist may be able to spot problems such as defective fillings, infections of the gum, or early signs of decay that can be treated at the earliest. Not only the teeth, but the gums, cheeks, and the whole oral region are examined during a dental visit. This will help identify many problems before they become serious.

10. Stop gums from bleeding: If your gums bleed when you brush your class, it is a sign of inflammation of the gum. It can be an early indication of gum diseases. If it is identified early enough, it can be treated completely. The hard deposits on your teeth will be cleaned off, thus reducing bacterial infection and stopping the gums from bleeding.

5 Most Common Reasons for Bad Breath And What To Do About It

Ad Min - Saturday, October 06, 2018

Bad breath is an embarrassing problem that can cause a person to lose confidence and lead to awkward social situations. If you have bad breath, you must try and find the root cause of the condition so you can treat it effectively. Bad breath may not always be a sign of poor oral hygiene, it could have more serious underlying dental or medical issues. In this article, we will look at some of the common causes of bad breath and what you can do about it.

 Bad breath is a common dental problem that can affect a person regardless of their age. so what is it that causes this embarrassing problem? The most common reason is of course poor oral hygiene. when you eat food, the bacteria in your mouth will break down the pieces and thus aids the process of digestion, but if the food gets trapped in between your teeth or gums it can lead to bad breath. Bad breath is also caused by gum diseases, smoking, or due to the consumption of certain types of food or drinks.

Poor oral hygiene - This is the most common cause of bad breath. Bacteria that build up on the teeth get to work breaking down food debris that is trapped in your mouth. This can give rise to some particularly unpleasant smelling gas. If you do not brush and floss your teeth on a regular basis, then there will be food left over in your mouth and teeth, and the bacteria will attack it. Even if you brush your teeth, if you neglect to clean your tongue, you may still have bad breath. The best thing is to not only brush your teeth, but also to clean your tongue.

Food choices- Your dietary habits may have a direct impact on your breath. When you eat strongly flavoured food such as onions, garlic, or spices, it can make your breath smell bad. When you drink coffee or alcohol, that may also cause some bad breath. The good thing is that if your bad breath is caused by food preferences, it is usually a temporary thing. You can get rid of this problem easily by not consuming these food items.

Smoking - Smoking is one of the most common reasons for severe bad breath. Smoking not only leads to bad breath, but it also damages your gums, impacts your sense of taste, and also leaves tough stains on your teeth. Gum diseases caused by smoking may in turn exacerbate the bad breath. If you stop smoking, not only will you get rid of bad breath, but it will also help significantly lower your risk of developing gum diseases.

 Medication - Certain types of medication that you are using may also be causing bad breath. Nitrates that are sometimes used to treat chest pain, tranquilizers, and chemotherapy medication can have bad breath as one of the unwanted side effects. If medication is a reason for your bad breath, your doctor may be able to prescribe a better alternative.

Dieting - Crash dieting and some low carbohydrate diets may also lead to bad breath. Low carb diets encourage the body to break down fat, and produces chemicals called ketones which may appear in your breath and can smell bad.

Medical conditions - Some medical conditions such as dry mouth or gastrointestinal diseases can cause bad breath. If you have dry mouth, the lack of saliva can lead to more bacteria build up than usual, leading to bad breath. Some gastrointestinal diseases may also be linked to bad breath. Diabetes, throat and nose infections, bronchitis, tonsillitis etc. may also cause bad breath.

How to get rid of bad breath

Now that we have looked at the various causes of bad breath, let us also see what can be done to get rid of the problem.

Proper oral hygiene - Nothing beats good old brushing and flossing twice a day. Simply cleaning your teeth and mouth every day can get rid of all the bacteria that is causing bad breath. If there are no underlying medical conditions, oral hygiene may be the only thing that you need to take care of to get rid of bad breath. Use a tongue scraper to clean your tongue. A mouthwash may also help.

Keep your dentures clean - If you wear dentures, you must pay special attention to them. Take them out before going to bed. Make sure that you clean them well before putting them in your mouth again the next day. Check with your dentist about the best way to clean the dentures and store them at night when you are not using them.

Ensure that your mouth is not dry - Some people neglect to drink water throughout the day. This may lead to a dehydrated mouth with very little saliva. Make sure that you drink enough water during the day. Eating healthy food such as apples and carrots that require a lot of chewing can also help generate saliva. You may also try sugar free gum. If your dry mouth is caused by some medical condition, your dentist may suggest that you use artificial saliva.

Give up smoking - Quit smoking not only to get rid of bad breath, but also to keep your body healthy. You will improve your health, confidence, and also the quality of your life.

Make regular dental visits - Visit your dentist regularly, at least once every six months. During this dental examination, your dentist will clean your teeth and also check for any problems such as dry mouth or any other diseases before they become serious and lead to other issues.

If you suffer from bad breath, and you cannot get rid of it in spite of good oral hygiene and food habits, it may be time to make an appointment with your dentist.

find out more (02) 9327 4223    OR    make an enquiry

Click for directionsClick for directions

Copyright © 2018 All Rights Reserved Top