Tooth Extractions And Procedures

Ad Min - Monday, January 21, 2019

Tooth extraction does not happen only when one is growing up. Teeth are pulled out during adolescent years as milk teeth fall out or they need to be extracted so permanent teeth can take their position. This process is definitely needed in adult life as well – teeth may need to be extracted for a variety of reasons – wisdom tooth removal, tooth decay and overcrowded teeth etc. are some of the reasons that warrant tooth extraction.

Tooth Extractions And Procedures

Tooth extraction is done for both children and adults. For children usually extraction is done when orthodontic treatment is planned. Some would have many teeth for the size of the jaw structure they have. Then teeth need to be pulled out to have corrected and properly aligned teeth. This is also done for adults. Some children might also not have baby teeth in its correct position. If this happens, then permanent teeth will not come out in its proper position – for this reason also, extraction is carried out.

Children engage in contact sports and this can lead to teeth being chipped or broken – then if teeth cannot be saved or it causes damage to the remaining teeth – then extraction is recommended by dentists. Adults also experience chips in their teeth – this can be due to engaging in contact sports or when one bites on hard food like nuts. The pressure experienced can create cracks in the teeth, if this makes the teeth damaged beyond repair then teeth extraction is suggested.

Understanding tooth extraction

Extraction is done in people who wear corrective braces – in this procedure the braces correct and align the teeth to their exact position. This would result in teeth being pushed back. If there is not enough space in the mouth, then dentists would recommend removing one or two teeth.

Tooth decay also results in removing the damaged teeth from its socket. If left untreated, the infection or decay can spread to the neighbouring teeth or the gums. This can lead to the gum structure being affected and initiate gum diseases. Bad breath, change in the jaw bone structure can also result if tooth decay is left unattended.

Impacted teeth is another reason why tooth extraction needs to be done. In some cases, the tooth is unable to break out or come out from its place and it continues to remain in the gums. In this situation, the dentist will definitely recommend tooth extraction in this case. Besides the above reasons, tooth extraction is also carried out after an accident or sports injury. Extraction is conducted as the last resort and is done to preserve dental health.

Procedure for extraction

Tooth extraction is assumed to be simple extraction or surgical extraction according to the process it is carried out. A simple extraction is conducted under local anaesthesia – where only the areas surrounding the tooth that is extracted is made numb. The procedure does not take much time.

In surgical extraction – the process is a bit more complex. It might be carried out under anaesthesia – general or intravenous anaesthesia is administered depending on the procedure. The tooth is removed after the gum is cut, this usually happens in the case of wisdom tooth which is impacted. Sometimes, the bone tissue might also need to be cut to extract the tooth.

After the tooth is extracted, there would be blood clot formed in the area. Dentists will provide a gauze to be placed in the area to stop further bleeding. Or, in other cases, they might place stitches for the wound to heal.

Precautions after extraction

Tooth extraction will cause pain and discomfort for a few days. Dentists will prescribe pain killers to tide over the pain. Applying an ice pack over the swelling on the cheek helps to reduce the swelling. Care should be taken while consuming food – using straws for the first 24 hours should be avoided. Using straws will put pressure on the wound area – the clot that is formed in the extraction area will loosen and slow down the healing process. Taking soft food will help and will also not put any strain in the area.

While resting, take care to put the head at an elevated position. This will help the wound to heal faster. Brushing should be done carefully as it can irritate the area where extraction has happened. Smoking also should be avoided until the wound is healed. Rinsing the mouth with tepid salt water will greatly help in soothing the area and help in faster healing.

The teeth that are next to the teeth extracted might experience teeth sensitivity. This will last only for a few days and will fade away. As anaesthesia is given for the treatment, the oral region would feel numb for few hours or a few days depending on which anaesthesia was given. Care must be taken when hot food is consumed during this time as that area might get burn and it might not be felt as the area is numb.
Brushing and flossing should be continued as normal, remember to avoid the area where extraction took place. Pain is normal after extraction, this will subside after few hours. If it does not then it is important that medical help from the dentist is sought. Healing will take some time for the tissues to grow and become as before.

If extraction is carried out for children, then it is important that parents give extra care to the child till the effect from anaesthesia wears off. Taking care of the food consumed by them should also be monitored. While brushing and flossing, parents should help the children to make sure they do not put extra pressure on the area where teeth extraction has been carried.

Checking with the dentists on all the precautions to be taken after teeth extraction should be done during dental consultations. If there are any doubts or concerns regarding the process or if medicines are consumed for any health conditions – all this should be informed to the dentists during the consultations.

Dental X-Rays - Are They Safe?

Ad Min - Tuesday, January 01, 2019

When you go to a dentist, you may sometimes be asked to take a dental x-ray so that the condition of your teeth and gums can be assessed. Dental x-rays are very common as a diagnostic procedure and they are considered very safe. Modern digital dental x-rays are extremely safe because they have very low doses of radiation. Compared to the amount of radiation that you would be exposed to another imaging procedures, dental x-rays produce only very limited doses of radiation.

If your dentist has asked you to take a dental x-ray and you are worried about whether it is safe and whether you should follow the procedure because of some other conditions such as pregnancy, it can help to understand what dental x-rays really are the reasons why an x-ray is prescribed, and how they are usually handled.

X-rays are generally performed with safety precautions in place. So there is absolutely no reason for you to worry. If you want to do a routine dental examination with four bite-wing x-rays, you will not be exposed to more radiation then what you would experience during a two hour aeroplane ride.

When do you need a dental x-ray?

A dental x-ray is usually suggested by a dentist for diagnostic reason. They help dentist see all the dental problems very clearly. Some issues that are invisible to the naked eye can be revealed using x-rays. When a patient receives dental x-rays, it allows the dentist to see the following.

  • Is there bone loss which may have been caused by gum disease?
  • Which are the areas of tooth decay? Is there a decay between teeth or under an existing filling?
  • Are there any abscesses or infections that are present at the root of the tooth?
  • Are there any signs of tumours or cancers?
  • Has an infection progressed to such a stage as to require root canal procedure?

Without a dental x-ray, your healthcare provider may not be able to diagnose many of these problems. With an x-ray, the dentist is well equipped to really understand what is going on with the teeth, and they can also prepare dental implants, braces, dentures, and other dental accessories to perfectly fit your teeth and mouth.

What is a child needs a dental x-ray?

If you have a child who needs a dental x-ray, it is only natural to be concerned. Children are more sensitive to radiation than adults. However, there is absolutely no reason to worry. The amount of radiation emitted during the dental x-ray is still within the safe limits even for a child.

The jaws and the teeth of a child are constantly undergoing changes. Therefore, it is very important to keep a close watch on how the teeth and jaw are developing. X-rays are very important for diagnosing dental conditions accurately in young patients. A dental x-ray can help the dentist understand the following:

  • It can help the dentist ensure that the mouth of the child is large enough to accommodate all the new teeth that are coming in
  • It can help monitor the wisdom tooth that is coming in, and take adequate precautions if it is likely to cause problems
  • A dental x-ray will help understand weather the milk teeth is giving way to the permanent teeth
  • A dental x-ray will also help identify gum diseases and tooth decay at the earliest stage

Should you get a dental x-ray during pregnancy?

If you are pregnant, that is one condition where it is generally advisable to avoid all sorts of x-rays including dental x-ray. Even though the radiation is very minimal, it may be best to avoid exposure to any type of x-rays to ensure the health of the foetus. If you are pregnant, make sure that you inform your dental practitioner about this because it will help them modify the diagnostic and treatment options based on this information.

There may be some instances where pregnant women are still advised to get dental x-rays. If there is some dental emergency, you may need to get an x-ray. If there is some concern that outweighs the slight risk of a dental x-ray, then it is advisable to get an x-ray which will aid in proper diagnosis and treatment.

Also remember that women who have poor gum health have higher risk of adverse outcomes in pregnancy. Therefore, it is extremely important that you take care of your dental health throughout your pregnancy.

If at all you need an x-ray during the pregnancy, your dental practitioners will take or precautions possible. A thyroid collar and the lead apron will be used during the x-ray.

Safety precautions

There are many safety precautions that you can take to minimise the risk of x-rays. Speak to your dentist about whether she can use the lowest radiation setting possible especially if the x-ray is for children. If you are worried about exposing certain parts of your body certain parts of your body from to radiation, ask about lead aprons that can be draped over the body.

Get x-rays done only when it is absolutely necessary. There is no schedule or routine to follow for dental x-rays, it is done only when it is necessary. It is best to leave the decision to your dentist.

Dental x-rays are considered very safe. However, it is wise to remember that any x-ray procedure exposes you to a certain amount of radiation, and therefore you should be careful not to undergo an x-ray without adequate reason. Sometimes, you can provide exercise from my previous dentist to your new dentist in order to minimise the need for taking new x-rays.

10 Reasons To Not Skip Your Half-Yearly Dental Appointments

Ad Min - Monday, November 05, 2018

Not many people like going to the dentist, it is understandable, but if you keep your half yearly dental appointments, your setting yourself up for poor oral and physical health. Good dental hygiene and healthy gums is not only the foundation of a healthy mouth, but also of a healthy body as well. In this article, we will look at the top 10 reasons why you need to visit your dental clinic at least once every six months for a regular dental check up.

1. Preventing bad breath: Bad breath is usually caused by dental problems. It could be as simple as food debris being stuck on or in between the teeth, especially in hard-to-reach places point during the routine dental cleaning and scaling, your dental hygienist will be able to reach even the places in your mouth that you will not be able to clean on your own. By getting rid of food debris collected on the surface of the teeth, you can get rid of bad breath as well. When the bacteria colonize beneath the gum line, only a dental professional will be able to do the cleaning that is sufficient to dislodge the bacteria. Persistent bad breath may also be caused due to other illnesses, and the half yearly dental visit is an excellent opportunity to find out.

2. Preventing gum diseases: Gum diseases can lead to a lot of discomfort, painful gums, bleeding while brushing and flossing, bad breath, and even loose teeth. If you have painful, sore, red, or bleeding gums you have to get in touch with your dental clinic immediately. During a dental visit comma your dentist will be able to spot gum diseases in early stages even before it starts showing its symptoms. Gum diseases can not only be treated completely, but even be reversed provided it is caught in the early stages. Your dentist will also be able to advise you on a better oral hygiene regime that you can follow at home in order to help your gum health.

3. Prevent other diseases of the body: Research has conclusively shown that poor oral hygiene has a direct connection and impact on several other diseases of the body as well. People who have poor oral health are highly likely to develop several diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and even respiratory issues. By taking care of your mouth, you are essentially taking care of your whole body. This is one reason why you must ensure that your half yearly visit to the dentist is not skipped at all.

4. A more attractive and whiter smile: Teeth can look dull and lifeless due to several reasons, but most commonly due to external staining. If you are in the habit of smoking or drinking wine, tea, or other strongly coloured food items, it can take the teeth and make it look dull and dark. During a routine dental examination, your dental hygienist will clean your teeth which may get rid of these stains to a considerable extent. Such external stains can be quite persistent, and you may not be able to remove them just by brushing alone. At the dental clinic, there are many ways to remove the stains to bring back the natural colour of your teeth.

5. Preventing oral cancer: During a dental hygiene appointment, your dentist will also be looking at signs of oral cancer. Many people find out they have cancer in the mouth only when it is too late because the mouth is the last thing that you look into, so you miss the signs. During the dental appointment, if there are signs of oral cancer, your dentist will advise you to undergo further tests. The good thing is that oral cancer is completely curable provided you catch it early. Some of the risk factors of oral cancer include HPV infection, smoking, chewing tobacco etc.

6. To prevent tooth loss: Many people think that losing teeth is a natural part of the aging process. However, this is far from the truth. What causes age related tooth loss is not the age itself, but other dental problems. Gum disease is one of the most common reasons why adult patients lose teeth. Gum diseases when left untreated, can affect the root of the tooth and cause it to become loose. Sometimes they even fall out on their own. During the dental appointment, one of the top priorities is to spot and treat gum diseases, so it does not lead to loss of teeth.

7. Cleaning hard-to-reach areas: Some people think that because they have excellent oral hygiene, they do not need to see the dentist once every 6 months. While it is true that people with good oral hygiene will have less dental problems, it is still important to visit a dental hygienist every 6 months. It doesn't matter how well you are able to brush your teeth and floss, there will still be part of your mouth that is not possible for you to reach on your own. These parts, especially in the back of your mouth, can be cleaned thoroughly only using special tools that have the required reach.

8. Improving confidence: When your mouth feels clean, it also improves your confidence and self-esteem. If you have a white stain-free smile, you will be able to be yourself in social situations and interact with people without feeling self-conscious at all. When you know that you do not have bad breath, you will also feel more comfortable talking to people and even getting very close to them when the situation demands it. You also feel good and confident about the fact that you are taking care of your mouth, and therefore your overall physical health and wellbeing.

9. Detecting other dental issues: Even if you are visiting your dental clinic for just a simple cleaning, your hygienist may be able to spot problems such as defective fillings, infections of the gum, or early signs of decay that can be treated at the earliest. Not only the teeth, but the gums, cheeks, and the whole oral region are examined during a dental visit. This will help identify many problems before they become serious.

10. Stop gums from bleeding: If your gums bleed when you brush your class, it is a sign of inflammation of the gum. It can be an early indication of gum diseases. If it is identified early enough, it can be treated completely. The hard deposits on your teeth will be cleaned off, thus reducing bacterial infection and stopping the gums from bleeding.

5 Most Common Reasons for Bad Breath And What To Do About It

Ad Min - Saturday, October 06, 2018

Bad breath is an embarrassing problem that can cause a person to lose confidence and lead to awkward social situations. If you have bad breath, you must try and find the root cause of the condition so you can treat it effectively. Bad breath may not always be a sign of poor oral hygiene, it could have more serious underlying dental or medical issues. In this article, we will look at some of the common causes of bad breath and what you can do about it.

 Bad breath is a common dental problem that can affect a person regardless of their age. so what is it that causes this embarrassing problem? The most common reason is of course poor oral hygiene. when you eat food, the bacteria in your mouth will break down the pieces and thus aids the process of digestion, but if the food gets trapped in between your teeth or gums it can lead to bad breath. Bad breath is also caused by gum diseases, smoking, or due to the consumption of certain types of food or drinks.

Poor oral hygiene - This is the most common cause of bad breath. Bacteria that build up on the teeth get to work breaking down food debris that is trapped in your mouth. This can give rise to some particularly unpleasant smelling gas. If you do not brush and floss your teeth on a regular basis, then there will be food left over in your mouth and teeth, and the bacteria will attack it. Even if you brush your teeth, if you neglect to clean your tongue, you may still have bad breath. The best thing is to not only brush your teeth, but also to clean your tongue.

Food choices- Your dietary habits may have a direct impact on your breath. When you eat strongly flavoured food such as onions, garlic, or spices, it can make your breath smell bad. When you drink coffee or alcohol, that may also cause some bad breath. The good thing is that if your bad breath is caused by food preferences, it is usually a temporary thing. You can get rid of this problem easily by not consuming these food items.

Smoking - Smoking is one of the most common reasons for severe bad breath. Smoking not only leads to bad breath, but it also damages your gums, impacts your sense of taste, and also leaves tough stains on your teeth. Gum diseases caused by smoking may in turn exacerbate the bad breath. If you stop smoking, not only will you get rid of bad breath, but it will also help significantly lower your risk of developing gum diseases.

 Medication - Certain types of medication that you are using may also be causing bad breath. Nitrates that are sometimes used to treat chest pain, tranquilizers, and chemotherapy medication can have bad breath as one of the unwanted side effects. If medication is a reason for your bad breath, your doctor may be able to prescribe a better alternative.

Dieting - Crash dieting and some low carbohydrate diets may also lead to bad breath. Low carb diets encourage the body to break down fat, and produces chemicals called ketones which may appear in your breath and can smell bad.

Medical conditions - Some medical conditions such as dry mouth or gastrointestinal diseases can cause bad breath. If you have dry mouth, the lack of saliva can lead to more bacteria build up than usual, leading to bad breath. Some gastrointestinal diseases may also be linked to bad breath. Diabetes, throat and nose infections, bronchitis, tonsillitis etc. may also cause bad breath.

How to get rid of bad breath

Now that we have looked at the various causes of bad breath, let us also see what can be done to get rid of the problem.

Proper oral hygiene - Nothing beats good old brushing and flossing twice a day. Simply cleaning your teeth and mouth every day can get rid of all the bacteria that is causing bad breath. If there are no underlying medical conditions, oral hygiene may be the only thing that you need to take care of to get rid of bad breath. Use a tongue scraper to clean your tongue. A mouthwash may also help.

Keep your dentures clean - If you wear dentures, you must pay special attention to them. Take them out before going to bed. Make sure that you clean them well before putting them in your mouth again the next day. Check with your dentist about the best way to clean the dentures and store them at night when you are not using them.

Ensure that your mouth is not dry - Some people neglect to drink water throughout the day. This may lead to a dehydrated mouth with very little saliva. Make sure that you drink enough water during the day. Eating healthy food such as apples and carrots that require a lot of chewing can also help generate saliva. You may also try sugar free gum. If your dry mouth is caused by some medical condition, your dentist may suggest that you use artificial saliva.

Give up smoking - Quit smoking not only to get rid of bad breath, but also to keep your body healthy. You will improve your health, confidence, and also the quality of your life.

Make regular dental visits - Visit your dentist regularly, at least once every six months. During this dental examination, your dentist will clean your teeth and also check for any problems such as dry mouth or any other diseases before they become serious and lead to other issues.

If you suffer from bad breath, and you cannot get rid of it in spite of good oral hygiene and food habits, it may be time to make an appointment with your dentist.

Dentures - Tips for Maintenance

Ad Min - Friday, September 07, 2018

Dentures are artificial teeth and gums used to replace lost or removed teeth. Depending on what you require, you can choose from different types of dentures. They can be complete – when the complete set of teeth are replaced by dentures, or partial - when only some of the teeth are replaced by artificial ones. Regardless of the type – dentures are always custom made to fit the person needing it and also matches the existing natural teeth.

Dentures - Tips for Maintenanceo

Advancement in the field of dentistry has helped bring about changes in the materials that dentures are made of. Earlier they were made of plastic and porcelain, now they are made of a type of resin. It is not just the teeth that are replaced, the supporting structure for the teeth – the gum line is also present. This will help the dentures to fit comfortably with the natural gum structure. Care is also taken to make sure that they look as natural as possible.

Dentures take about four to eight weeks’ time, beginning with initial consultation with the dentist. The dentist will take impression of the jaw and also measurements to make sure that dentures are a perfect fit. Models are created to check for the fit, then they are tried and final adjustments are made and the dentures are generated.

Need for Dentures

Besides giving back the person the confidence of a great smile, it restores the structure of the mouth and also provide support cheeks and lips. The face sags when teeth are lost, dentures help fill out the shape to maintain the appearance of the face.

It helps a person to enjoy all types of food – especially those that require chewing. One need not change diet because of lost or removed teeth. Being affected by malnutrition does not arise as diet that was followed earlier can be continued. When a person loses teeth, speech is also affected. Words do not come out right and this can affect a person’s confidence.

When starting to wear dentures, some people might feel uncomfortable. Getting used to eating and speaking with dentures would take some time. During this initial time, it is also important that if need be dentures be adjusted with help from dentists. At first soft food should be consumed, this will help to ease the discomfort while wearing dentures.

Taking care of dentures

While it is true that a good fit is important in using dentures, it is also important that proper care be taken while using dentures. It is important that they are cleaned and also that they do not have stains in them.

Do the following to properly take care of dentures.

Removing and Cleaning
After every meal, it is important that dentures – be it complete or partial, be removed and cleaned, food debris present in the teeth should be completely removed. Cleaning them in clean running water is an efficient way to get rid of food particles in the dentures. Do not clean dentures in hot water as it can change the shape of dentures.

Handling with care
Dentures are fragile, they can easily break or chip. To avoid this from happening, remember to place a towel under them while cleaning. If they fall or break, new dentures need to be made.

Dentures should be cleaned using brushes – this need to be done twice a day like natural teeth. Take care not to use toothpaste as this can act as an abrasive. This can create scratches in them and aid in the development of plaque. Whitening toothpaste do not help to create a whiter denture, so it is best if it is not used.

Denture cleaner
As mentioned before, toothpaste creates more harm on dentures than good – mild soap can be used to clean dentures. If unsure of which type of cleaning material should be used- check with your dentist during consultation.

Storing dentures
When dentures are not being used, they should be kept moist. They should not dry up as this can lead to change of shape. It is preferable that dentures are removed at night. This will help to give rest to the gums. They can be kept immersed in water while not in use. If you are using solutions to immerse dentures, do remember to rinse them thoroughly before using to avoid infection or other diseases.

Regular dental consultation
Consulting with dentists on a regular basis is important at least initially. While using dentures, for the first time, you are bound to feel uncomfortable – consultations with dentists will help address your doubts and problems. Some have experienced irritation, infection etc. while using dentures, so it is important that dentists are consulted for proper guidance.

It is not enough that dentures are cleaned and maintained, proper oral hygiene needs to be followed as well. After dentures are removed for cleaning, cleaning of tongue, gums etc. should also be done regularly. Cleaning of clasps that hold the dentures in place need to be cleaned as well, it is easy that only dentures are cleaned and clasps are forgotten.  Plaque can easily built up there. Eating a well-balanced diet will help to have a healthy mouth and promote good oral hygiene.

Dentures are custom made and fragile as well. They are made by trained professionals – so it is important that the above steps be followed to maintain dentures. Repairing or adjusting dentures should not be done at home –this requires specialised skill. Bending or making alterations to dentures should not be done as without proper expertise you would be creating more damages to the dentures.

Dentures cannot be used permanently, they would need to be changed after using for a period of time. This is because as time goes by, natural age related changes happens and there would be changes to facial features. This would require that dentures be changed for a proper fit. Dentures will also change due to daily wear and tear – so dentures will need to be replaced. Generally dentures can be used for a period of 6-8 years and then checked if they need to be replaced.

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