Tooth Extractions And Procedures

Ad Min - Monday, January 21, 2019

Tooth extraction does not happen only when one is growing up. Teeth are pulled out during adolescent years as milk teeth fall out or they need to be extracted so permanent teeth can take their position. This process is definitely needed in adult life as well – teeth may need to be extracted for a variety of reasons – wisdom tooth removal, tooth decay and overcrowded teeth etc. are some of the reasons that warrant tooth extraction.

Tooth Extractions And Procedures

Tooth extraction is done for both children and adults. For children usually extraction is done when orthodontic treatment is planned. Some would have many teeth for the size of the jaw structure they have. Then teeth need to be pulled out to have corrected and properly aligned teeth. This is also done for adults. Some children might also not have baby teeth in its correct position. If this happens, then permanent teeth will not come out in its proper position – for this reason also, extraction is carried out.

Children engage in contact sports and this can lead to teeth being chipped or broken – then if teeth cannot be saved or it causes damage to the remaining teeth – then extraction is recommended by dentists. Adults also experience chips in their teeth – this can be due to engaging in contact sports or when one bites on hard food like nuts. The pressure experienced can create cracks in the teeth, if this makes the teeth damaged beyond repair then teeth extraction is suggested.

Understanding tooth extraction

Extraction is done in people who wear corrective braces – in this procedure the braces correct and align the teeth to their exact position. This would result in teeth being pushed back. If there is not enough space in the mouth, then dentists would recommend removing one or two teeth.

Tooth decay also results in removing the damaged teeth from its socket. If left untreated, the infection or decay can spread to the neighbouring teeth or the gums. This can lead to the gum structure being affected and initiate gum diseases. Bad breath, change in the jaw bone structure can also result if tooth decay is left unattended.

Impacted teeth is another reason why tooth extraction needs to be done. In some cases, the tooth is unable to break out or come out from its place and it continues to remain in the gums. In this situation, the dentist will definitely recommend tooth extraction in this case. Besides the above reasons, tooth extraction is also carried out after an accident or sports injury. Extraction is conducted as the last resort and is done to preserve dental health.

Procedure for extraction

Tooth extraction is assumed to be simple extraction or surgical extraction according to the process it is carried out. A simple extraction is conducted under local anaesthesia – where only the areas surrounding the tooth that is extracted is made numb. The procedure does not take much time.

In surgical extraction – the process is a bit more complex. It might be carried out under anaesthesia – general or intravenous anaesthesia is administered depending on the procedure. The tooth is removed after the gum is cut, this usually happens in the case of wisdom tooth which is impacted. Sometimes, the bone tissue might also need to be cut to extract the tooth.

After the tooth is extracted, there would be blood clot formed in the area. Dentists will provide a gauze to be placed in the area to stop further bleeding. Or, in other cases, they might place stitches for the wound to heal.

Precautions after extraction

Tooth extraction will cause pain and discomfort for a few days. Dentists will prescribe pain killers to tide over the pain. Applying an ice pack over the swelling on the cheek helps to reduce the swelling. Care should be taken while consuming food – using straws for the first 24 hours should be avoided. Using straws will put pressure on the wound area – the clot that is formed in the extraction area will loosen and slow down the healing process. Taking soft food will help and will also not put any strain in the area.

While resting, take care to put the head at an elevated position. This will help the wound to heal faster. Brushing should be done carefully as it can irritate the area where extraction has happened. Smoking also should be avoided until the wound is healed. Rinsing the mouth with tepid salt water will greatly help in soothing the area and help in faster healing.

The teeth that are next to the teeth extracted might experience teeth sensitivity. This will last only for a few days and will fade away. As anaesthesia is given for the treatment, the oral region would feel numb for few hours or a few days depending on which anaesthesia was given. Care must be taken when hot food is consumed during this time as that area might get burn and it might not be felt as the area is numb.
Brushing and flossing should be continued as normal, remember to avoid the area where extraction took place. Pain is normal after extraction, this will subside after few hours. If it does not then it is important that medical help from the dentist is sought. Healing will take some time for the tissues to grow and become as before.

If extraction is carried out for children, then it is important that parents give extra care to the child till the effect from anaesthesia wears off. Taking care of the food consumed by them should also be monitored. While brushing and flossing, parents should help the children to make sure they do not put extra pressure on the area where teeth extraction has been carried.

Checking with the dentists on all the precautions to be taken after teeth extraction should be done during dental consultations. If there are any doubts or concerns regarding the process or if medicines are consumed for any health conditions – all this should be informed to the dentists during the consultations.

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