A Complete Overview of Dental Bonding

Ad Min - Monday, June 21, 2021

Repairing damaged teeth and restoring them to their normal form is what this procedure does. Dental bonding helps teeth regain their structure and function. It is a boon to those who have chipped or cracked teeth. It helps restructure decayed or discoloured teeth and even useful when there is a gap between teeth. Using dental bonding it is possible to change the shape of the teeth and make them longer and attractive. In some cases it is used as an alternative to fillings.

Along with aesthetic function, the function and structure of the teeth are restored through this innovative procedure. To change the shape of the teeth, in this procedure a composite resin is applied. The best part of this treatment is that one need not plan many visits to the dentist. This procedure is completed in a single visit. This method is used for both adults and children. In the case of children, many dentists prefer this as the jaws/arches are still developing.

How is it done?

If due to accidents or trauma to the mouth region causes broken or chipped teeth, then dental bonding is the ideal treatment. Dental examinations are conducted by dentists and after considering the dental damage and the oral health of the person, this treatment is decided on. Before the actual treatment some preparation needs to be done.

Anaesthesia is not generally required, it is used when the bonding is done for decayed teeth. The resin material will be filled in the tooth and this procedure will cause pain and discomfort. Shaping the tooth is also needed in some cases. Other than these special cases anaesthesia is not used. Dentists will select the material which is similar in colour to the natural teeth. This will help to make sure that the bonded tooth does not stand out from the natural teeth.

After the resin is selected, the tooth is prepared. In this stage, the dentist will slightly be roughened, this is to make the tooth more accommodating. Next a conditioning material is applied to the tooth. This material helps in attaching the resin firmly to the teeth. Later the tooth coloured resin material is applied. Then it is then shaped and smoothed as required. Laser light is applied to the material to make it harden and stick to the tooth surface firmly. Once the material is hard, the it is then shaped and polished it to make it as similar to the natural teeth as possible. The procedure usually gets completed within an hour.

There are two main types of dental bonding. In adhesive bonding, an etchant is used for the restoration procedure. This is usually used by the dentist in the case of porcelain veneers, inlays and onlays. Direct composite bonding is the common bonding that is done in dental clinics. This involves applying the resin material to the teeth and reshape and restore them. If there is extensive damage to the tooth, then it will take some time to be fully restored.

Do you benefit from this procedure?

Dental bonding is one of the easiest and also cheapest procedures to restore teeth. It completes the restoration process within a small frame of time like other procedures like dental veneers. They also require multiple visits to the dentist, unlike the bonding procedure which is completed in a single consultation. Preparing the tooth for the procedure is one common method in both restorative procedures. But in the case of dental bonding, the amount of dental enamel that is removed is very less. One aspect that needs to be remembered is that bonding materials can chip off and are not fully resistant to stains. Besides this disadvantage, dentists prefer this method for minor cosmetic corrections to other types of methods.

Care for bonded teeth

Caring for teeth should also consist of brushing daily- twice a day and also flossing once a day. This will help to keep the mouth cavity clean from food debris and other particles that are stuck between teeth. Caring for teeth after dental bonding is easy. As there is a chance of bonding being chipped off, one must be careful when consuming hard chewy food. The edges of the teeth might get rough if one bites too hard on nuts or ice. If the edges feel rough, then getting it checked with the dentist can help to set right the issue. Avoiding food that causes stains like coffee, wine or fruits like berries will help the bonded teeth. They will not absorb the stain that is given out by these materials.

The life span of bonded teeth depends on the habits of the person. If healthy food habits are followed and care is taken when biting hard food products, then teeth do not get damaged. If proper care is not taken and habits such as smoking are not cut down, then stains are absorbed by the teeth and they will have to be replaced earlier than the usual lifetime of ten years.

One can think of dental bonding as not being a permanent bonding. After few years, due to wear and tear they can fade or be chipped but in no way do they cause damage to the dental enamel or oral health of the person. It is important that small chipped teeth are restored, as otherwise chewing function gets affected and so also the dental health of surrounding teeth.

Caring for teeth also means that one needs to go for dental check-ups at least twice a year. This will help you get a heads up on the possible dental concerns that can come up due to your lifestyle. Changing habits, lifestyles all will help to restore and maintain oral health. Visiting the dentist only at the time of a major dental problems can result in complex dental procedures. This can be avoided through regular check-ups.

Can Teeth Whitening Cause Damage to Your Teeth?

Ad Min - Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Teeth whitening is a chemical process by which you can make your teeth look whiter either at home of at the dentist’s office. Teeth whitening is quite common in all parts of the world, and the products for teeth whitening are available over the counter. The main procedure followed in majority of teeth whitening procedures is bleaching, but sometimes teeth whitening can be only cleaning the teeth thoroughly and remove impurities and debris of food from them. Bleaching products contain peroxide which removes stains from the teeth, causing them to appear lighter in shade.

How does teeth whitening work?

Teeth whitening can be achieved in 2 ways. One simple way is to get your teeth cleaned by a professional dentist in his office, where he will clean your teeth with special tools and remove debris of food particles, and clean and remove plaque from between the teeth which will remove stains and make your teeth appear lighter in shade. Another way is bleaching the teeth to remove stains which are deeper in the teeth. This is done by a chemical process. The bleaching agents, hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide are applied on the surface of the teeth. Hydrogen peroxide is the active ingredient (carbamide peroxide breaks down into hydrogen peroxide) which breaks down the stains into very tiny pieces and they get dispersed so that they are not visible anymore. These chemicals can work not only on the surface but can reach deeper in the tooth enamel and break down stains. The whole chemical process can take a few minutes to a few hours, and as a result you will have your teeth appear lighter and whiter.

Who can benefit from teeth whitening?

Teeth whitening is a very much in demand procedure all over the world but it is most popular in the field where people have to face other people during their work environment. In fact, everyone wants to have a beautiful smile because smile is one of the earliest things with which we make an impression on others. Teeth whitening helps people who have their teeth stained because of their lifestyle choices or due to the medication they are on like tetracycline, or simply because of age.

Anybody who is healthy in general can make use of teeth whitening products. People who have stains on the teeth because of food habits like having an excess of coffee, tea, red wine, tobacco, and foods that contain food colours.

Where kind of stains and conditions that cannot be corrected by teeth whitening products?

  • People who have porcelain veneers, dental fillings and dental bonding as a corrective treatment for broken and chipped teeth or who have dental crown as a replacement of lost teeth cannot benefit with teeth whitening products.
  • Yellow stains can be removed with these products, but brown stains are difficult to remove with bleaching.
  • Discoloration from a dead tooth cannot be corrected with bleaching. 
  • Conditions such as sensitivity of teeth may get worsened with bleaching.
  • People with the habit of grinding teeth(bruxism) are not advised to do teeth whitening at home.
  • People who are on special medicines cannot be helped with bleaching.

What are the regular products available over the counter for teeth whitening?

Teeth whitening products are becoming more popular because they allow to do the procedure at home. These over-the-counter products contain lesser amount of hydrogen peroxide for safety reasons and get good results for some people although it takes little longer to get the desired results. The products include, teeth whitening trays, gels, rinses, toothpastes, stripes even toothbrushes.

Teeth whitening strips
This is one of the most popular products used. It is a thin, flexible plastic strip which has a coating of bleaching agent. They are supposed to be placed on the front of your teeth for a stipulated time, usually half an hour, removed and discarded after the time is up. They are applied twice a day for a week or so. Strips may cause irritation in the gums and sensitivity in the teeth. If you have a wide tooth line, then strips can run short of the width. Be careful while using strips. Avoid using strips that contain chlorin dioxide because it can affect tooth enamel.

Teeth whitening trays
These trays are best if made by your dentist. It is a tray that contains the chemical and made after making a mould of your teeth so that it fits snug on your teeth and the teeth remain in contact with the chemical which is filled in the tray. If it is custom made by your dentist it is very effective because the concentration of the bleaching agent is higher so the effect will last longer. Since the trays fit on the teeth the saliva cannot dilute the solution. It also saves the gums from irritation because there is minimum leakage. When you get readymade trays it may not fit snug on your teeth and there is a question of leakage. When the tray is prepared by the dentist, he can give you desensitizing agents to be used either before or after the application. The dentist also know about your medical history and therefore the solution he will fill in tray will suit your body properly.

Teeth whitening rinses
In addition to refresh your breath, these products contain teeth whitening bleaching agents to whiten your teeth. They are to be kept in mouth for a few minutes, swished around and spit out. This needs to be done twice a day. Since the product remains in the mouth for a very short while.

Teeth whitening toothpastes, gels
These tooth pastes work with abrasives and cleaning agents like baking soda, silica and calcium carbonate which can remove surface stains. But they cannot bleach teeth from inside therefore they may not help with deeper stains. The gels too can work only on the surface stains.

If you want to do whitening at home, it is advisable to do it under the supervision of your dentist. The first option of course is to get it done in your dentist’s office.

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